Definition 2022



See also: pœna


Alternative forms


poena f (genitive poenae); first declension

  1. penalty
  2. punishment
  3. (figuratively) execution


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative poena poenae
genitive poenae poenārum
dative poenae poenīs
accusative poenam poenās
ablative poenā poenīs
vocative poena poenae

Derived terms

Related terms


  • Sicilian: pena
  • Spanish: pena
  • Swedish: pina
  • Venetian: pena
  • Walloon: poenne
  • Welsh: poen


  • poena in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • poena in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • POENA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “poena”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to revenge oneself on some one: ulcisci aliquem, poenas expetere ab aliquo
    • to revenge oneself for a thing: ulcisci aliquid, poenas alicuius rei expetere
    • to revenge oneself on another for a thing or on some one's behalf: poenas alicuius or alicuius rei repetere ab aliquo
    • to punish some one: poena afficere aliquem (Off. 2. 5. 18)
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenas alicuius persequi
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenam petere, repetere ab aliquo
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenas expetere ab aliquo
    • to ordain as punishment that..: hanc poenam constituere in aliquem, ut...
    • to be (heavily) punished by some one: poenas (graves) dare alicui
    • to be punished by some one (on account of a thing): poenas alicui pendere (alicuius rei)
    • to suffer punishment: poenas dependere, expendere, solvere, persolvere
    • to suffer punishment: poenam (alicuius rei) ferre, perferre
    • to be punished for a thing, expiate it: poenam luere (alicuius rei) (Sull. 27. 76)
    • to submit to a punishment: poenam subire
  • poena in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • poena in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • poena in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • poena in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin