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Definition 2022


on-

on-

See also: Appendix:Variations of "on"

English

Alternative forms

Prefix

on-

  1. Prefix meaning on, at, toward, upon.
    oncome, onset, onfall, onlay

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:English_words_prefixed_with_on-'>English words prefixed with on-</a>

Luxembourgish

Prefix

on-

  1. un-, in-

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Luxembourgish_words_prefixed_with_on-'>Luxembourgish words prefixed with on-</a>

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch un-, from Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Prefix

on-

  1. un-, in-

Derived terms

Category Middle Dutch words prefixed with on- not found

Descendants


Old English

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *ana (on)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /on/

Prefix

on-

  1. Forming verbs and adjectives from participles and nouns, with various senses of on, upon, to, there, thither.
    onhlinian "to lean on"
    ondōn "to don, put on clothes"
  2. (inchoactive) in, into; prefix used to intensify an action or to denote origin or initiation
    onlīehtan "to enlighten"
    onstellan, onstiellan "to establish, institute, install, originate"
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_English_words_prefixed_with_on-'>Old English words prefixed with on-</a>

Etymology 2

From unstressed form of and- (and-)

Pronunciation

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Prefix

on-

  1. denoting reverse action
    onbindan "to untie, unbind"
    onfealdan "to unfold"
  2. off, away
    onberan "to carry off"
Derived terms
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_English_words_prefixed_with_on-'>Old English words prefixed with on-</a>