crux (plural cruxes or cruces)
- The basic, central, or essential point or feature.
- The crux of her argument was that the roadways needed repair before anything else could be accomplished.
- The critical or transitional moment or issue, a turning point.
- 1993, Laurence M. Porter, "Real Dreams, Literary Dreams, and the Fantastic in Literature", pages 32-47 in Carol Schreier Rupprecht (ed.) The Dream and the Text: Essays on Literature and Language.
- The mad certitude of the ogre, Abel Tiffauges, that he stands at the crux of history and that he will be able to raise Prussia "to a higher power" (p. 180), contrasts sharply with the anxiety and doubt attendant upon most modern literary dreams.
- A puzzle or difficulty.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Dr. Sheridan to this entry?)
- The perpetual crux of New Testament chronologists. — Strauss.
- (climbing) The hardest point of a climb.
- 1907, The Alpine Journal, vol. 23.
- the real crux of the climb was encountered
- 1973, Pat Armstrong, "Klondike Fever: Seventy Years Too Late", in Backpacker, Autumn 1973, page 84:
- The final half-mile was the crux of the climb.
- 2004, Craig Luebben, Rock Climbing: Mastering Basic Skills, The Mountaineers Books, ISBN 9780898867435, page 179:
- Most pitches have a distinct crux, or tough spot; some have multiple cruxes. […] ¶ Climb efficiently on the "cruiser" sections to stay fresh for the cruxes.
- 2009, R. J. Secor, The High Sierra: Peaks, Passes, and Trails, Third Edition, The Mountaineers Books, ISBN 9780898869712, page 51:
- Continue climbing the groove; the crux is passing some vegetation on the second pitch.
- (heraldry) A cross on a coat of arms.
central or essential point
critical or transitional moment
(heraldry) cross on a coat of arms — see cross
From Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (“to turn, to bend”). Possible cognate with Latin circus (“circle”) and curvus (“curve”).
crux f (genitive crucis); third declension
- wooden frame on which criminals were crucified, especially a cross
- (derogatory) gallows bird; one who deserves to be hanged
- (figuratively) torture; misery
- crux in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- crux in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- CRUX in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), “crux”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to threaten some one with death, crucifixion, torture, war: minitari (minari) alicui mortem, crucem et tormenta, bellum
- to crucify: in crucem agere, tollere aliquem
- to crucify: cruci suffigere aliquem
- crux in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- crux in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
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