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Webster 1913 Edition


Trim

Trim

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Trimmed
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Trimming
.]
[OE.
trimen
,
trumen
, AS.
trymian
,
trymman
, to prepare, dispose, make strong, fr.
trum
firm, strong; of uncertain origin.]
1.
To make trim; to put in due order for any purpose; to make right, neat, or pleasing; to adjust.
The hermit
trimmed
his little fire.
Goldsmith.
2.
To dress; to decorate; to adorn; to invest; to embellish;
as, to
trim
a hat
.
A rotten building newly
trimmed
over.
Milton.
I was
trimmed
in Julia’s gown.
Shakespeare
3.
To make ready or right by cutting or shortening; to clip or lop; to curtail;
as, to
trim
the hair; to
trim
a tree
.
“ And trimmed the cheerful lamp.”
Byron.
4.
(Carp.)
To dress, as timber; to make smooth.
5.
(Naut.)
(a)
To adjust, as a ship, by arranging the cargo, or disposing the weight of persons or goods, so equally on each side of the center and at each end, that she shall sit well on the water and sail well;
as, to
trim
a ship, or a boat
.
(b)
To arrange in due order for sailing;
as, to
trim
the sails
.
6.
To rebuke; to reprove; also, to beat.
[Colloq.]
To trim in
(Carp.)
,
to fit, as a piece of timber, into other work.
To trim up
,
to dress; to put in order.
I found her
trimming up
the diadem
On her dead mistress.
Shakespeare

Trim

,
Verb.
I.
To balance; to fluctuate between parties, so as to appear to favor each.

Trim

,
Noun.
1.
Dress; gear; ornaments.
Seeing him just pass the window in his woodland
trim
.
Sir W. Scott.
2.
Order; disposition; condition;
as, to be in good
trim
.
“ The trim of an encounter.”
Chapman.
3.
The state of a ship or her cargo, ballast, masts, etc., by which she is well prepared for sailing.
4.
(Arch)
The lighter woodwork in the interior of a building; especially, that used around openings, generally in the form of a molded architrave, to protect the plastering at those points.
In ballast trim
(Naut.)
,
having only ballast on board.
R. H. Dana, Jr.
Trim of the masts
(Naut.)
,
their position in regard to the ship and to each other, as near or distant, far forward or much aft, erect or raking.
Trim of sails
(Naut.)
,
that adjustment, with reference to the wind, witch is best adapted to impel the ship forward.

Trim

,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Trimmer
;
sup
erl.
Trimmest
.]
[See
Trim
,
Verb.
T.
]
Fitly adjusted; being in good order., or made ready for service or use; firm; compact; snug; neat; fair;
as, the ship is
trim
, or
trim
built; everything about the man is
trim
; a person is
trim
when his body is well shaped and firm; his dress is
trim
when it fits closely to his body, and appears tight and snug; a man or a soldier is
trim
when he stands erect.
With comely carriage of her countenance
trim
.
Spenser.
So deemed I till I viewed their
trim
array
Of boats last night.
Trench.

Webster 1828 Edition


Trim

TRIM

,
Adj.
Firm; compact; tight; snug; being in good order. We say of a ship, she is trim, or trim-built; every thing about the man is trim. We say of a person, he is trim, when his body is well shaped and firm; and we say, his dress is trim, when it sits closely to his body and appears tight and snug; and of posture we say, a man or a soldier is trim, when he stands erect. It is particularly applicable to soldiers, and in Saxon, truma is a troop or body of soldiers.

TRIM

, v.t.
1.
In a general sense, to make right, that is, to put in due order for any purpose.
The hermit trimm'd his little fire.
2.
To dress; to put the body in a proper state.
I was trimm'd in Julia's gown.
3.
To decorate; to invest or embellish with extra ornaments; as, to trim a gown with lace.
4.
To clip, as the hair of the head; also, to shave; that is, to put in due order.
5.
To lop, as superfluous branches; to prune; as, to trim trees.
6.
To supply with oil; as, to trim a lamp.
7.
To make neat; to adjust.
I found her trimming up the diadem
On her dead mistress--
8.
In carpentry, to dress, as timber; to make smooth.
9.
To adjust the cargo of a ship, or the weight of persons or goods in a boat, so equally on each side of the center and at each end, that she shall sit well on the water and sail well. Thus we say, to trim a ship or a boat.
10. To rebuke; to reprove sharply; a popular use of the word.
11. To arrange in due order for sailing; as, to trim the sails.
To trim in, in carpentry, to fit, as a piece of timber into other work.
To trip up, to dress; to put in order.

TRIM

,
Verb.
I.
To balance; to fluctuate between parties, so as to appear to favor each.

TRIM

,
Noun.
Dress; gear; ornaments.
1.
The state of a ship or her cargo, ballast, masts, &c., by which she is well prepared for sailing.
Trim of the masts, is their position in regard to the ship and to each other, as near or distant,far forward or much aft, erect or raking.
Trim of sails, is that position and arrangement which is best adapted to impel the ship forward.

Definition 2023


trim

trim

English

Verb

trim (third-person singular simple present trims, present participle trimming, simple past and past participle trimmed)

  1. (transitive) To reduce slightly; to cut; especially, to remove excess; e.g. 'trim a hedge', 'trim a beard'. The adposition of can be used in the present perfect tense to designate the removed part.
    Place the screen material in the frame, secure it in place, and trim the edges.
    The company trimmed jobs for the second time this year.
    A ranch steak is usually trimmed of all excess fat. (present perfect example)
  2. (transitive) To decorate or adorn; especially of a Christmas tree.
    • Milton
      A rotten building newly trimmed over.
    • Shakespeare
      I was trimmed in Julia's gown.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 1, in The China Governess:
      The half-dozen pieces […] were painted white and carved with festoons of flowers, birds and cupids. []  The bed was the most extravagant piece.  Its graceful cane halftester rose high towards the cornice and was so festooned in carved white wood that the effect was positively insecure, as if the great couch were trimmed with icing sugar.
    They traditionally trim the tree on Christmas Eve.
  3. (transitive, aviation, of an aircraft) To adjust pitch using trim tabs.
  4. (transitive, nautical, of a vessel) To modify the angle relative to the water by shifting cargo or ballast; to adjust for sailing; to assume, or cause to assume a certain position, or trim, in the water.
  5. (transitive, nautical, of a vessel's sails) To modify the angle (of the sails) relative to the wind, especially to set them at the most advantageous angle.
  6. (dated) To balance; to fluctuate between parties, so as to appear to favour each.
  7. (transitive) To make trim; to put in due order for any purpose; to make right, neat, or pleasing; to adjust.
    • Goldsmith
      The hermit trimmed his little fire.
  8. (transitive, carpentry, of timber) To dress; to make smooth.
  9. (transitive, dated) To rebuke; to reprove; also, to beat.

Translations

Noun

trim (plural trims)

  1. (uncountable) Decoration; especially, decoration placed along edges or borders.
    Paint the house white with blue trim.
  2. (countable) A haircut, especially a moderate one to touch up an existing style.
    I went to the hairdresser for a trim but came back nearly bald.
  3. Dress; gear; ornaments.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      seeing him just pass the window in his woodland trim
  4. (countable) The manner in which something is equipped or adorned; order; disposition.
    The car comes in three different trims.
    to be in good trim
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chapman to this entry?)
  5. (uncountable, slang, mildly vulgar) Sexual intercourse.
  6. (nautical) The fore-and-aft angle of the vessel to the water, with reference to the cargo and ballast; the manner in which a vessel floats on the water, whether on an even keel or down by the head or stern.
  7. (nautical) The arrangement of the sails with reference to the wind.

Translations

Adjective

trim (comparative trimmer, superlative trimmest)

  1. Physically fit.
    He goes jogging every day to keep in trim.
  2. Slender, lean.
    a trim figure
  3. Neat or smart in appearance.
    a trim lawn
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 4 Scene 1
      [] manhood is melted into curtsies, valour into compliment, and men are only turned into tongue, and trim ones too: he is now as valiant as Hercules that only tells a lie and swears it.
    • 1907, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, “chapter IX”, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: A. L. Burt Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 4241346:
      “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron; and she looked it, always trim and trig and smooth of surface like a converted yacht cleared for action. Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, [].

Translations

Adverb

trim (not comparable)

  1. (nautical) In good order, properly managed or maintained.
  2. (nautical) With sails well trimmed.

Usage notes

  • More often used in combinations, eg, "trim-sailed".

Anagrams


Albanian

Alternative forms

  • (Gheg) trajm [tɾajm] [1]

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *trim-, from Proto-Indo-European *ter- 'soft, weak, young'. Cognate to Sanskrit तरुण (táruṇa, young) and Armenian թարմ (tʿarm, young, fresh)[2]. Alternatively from Proto-Indo-European *trem-, *trems- 'to thump; to tremble'. Compare Latin tremō (tremble), Lithuanian trìmti (shake, tremble), Tocharian A tröm (in rage, fury) and Tocharian B tremi (rage, fury)[3].

Noun

trim m (indefinite plural trima, definite singular trimi, definite plural trimat) [4]

  1. man, manful
  2. hero
  3. courageous
  4. valiant, valorous
  5. brave, hardy

References

  1. Trajm in Google Search.
  2. Albanische Etymologien (Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz), Bardhyl Demiraj, Leiden Studies in Indo-European 7; Amsterdam - Atlanta 1997
  3. “Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch”, J. Pokorny, 1959, Bern : Francke, pp. 1092
  4. Dictionnaire Français-Albanais / Fjalor Shqip-Frengjisht, page 608, Vedat Kokona, Tiranë, 2002, ISBN 99927-726-4-6

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɪm

Verb

trim

  1. first-person singular present indicative of trimmen
  2. imperative of trimmen

Latvian

Numeral

trim

  1. dative plural masculine form of trīs
  2. instrumental plural masculine form of trīs
  3. dative plural feminine form of trīs
  4. instrumental plural feminine form of trīs