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Webster 1913 Edition


Raft

Raft

(rȧft)
,
obs.
imp.
&
p.
p.
of
Reave
.
Spenser.

Raft

,
Noun.
[Originally, a rafter, spar, and fr. Icel.
raptr
a rafter; akin to Dan.
raft
, Prov. G.
raff
a rafter, spar; cf. OHG.
rāfo
,
rāvo
, a beam, rafter, Icel.
rāf
roof. Cf.
Rafter
,
Noun.
]
1.
A collection of logs, boards, pieces of timber, or the like, fastened together, either for their own collective conveyance on the water, or to serve as a support in conveying other things; a float.
2.
A collection of logs, fallen trees, etc. (such as is formed in some Western rivers of the United States), which obstructs navigation.
[U.S.]
3.
[Perhaps akin to
raff
a heap.]
A large collection of people or things taken indiscriminately.
[Slang, U. S.]
“A whole raft of folks.”
W. D. Howells.
Raft bridge
.
(a)
A bridge whose points of support are rafts
.
(b)
A bridge that consists of floating timbers fastened together.
Raft duck
.
[The name alludes to its swimming in dense flocks.]
(Zool.)
(a)
The bluebill, or greater scaup duck; – called also
flock duck
. See
Scaup
.
(b)
The redhead.
Raft port
(Naut.)
,
a large, square port in a vessel’s side for loading or unloading timber or other bulky articles; a timber or lumber port.

Raft

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Rafted
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Rafting
.]
To transport on a raft, or in the form of a raft; to make into a raft;
as, to
raft
timber
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Raft

R'AFT

,
Noun.
[Gr. to sew that is, to fasten together, and allied to reeve; or Gr. whence a flooring. See Rafter and Roof.]
An assemblage of boards, planks or pieces of timber fastened together horizontally and floated down a stream; a float.

R'AFT

,
pp.
[L. rapio; bereafian, to snatch away, to bereave.]
Torn; rent; severed. Obs.

Definition 2021


raft

raft

English

Noun

raft (plural rafts)

  1. A flat structure made of planks, barrels etc., that floats on water, and is used for transport, emergencies or a platform for swimmers.
  2. A flat-bottomed inflatable craft for floating or drifting on water.
  3. A thick crowd of seabirds or sea mammals.
  4. (US) A collection of logs, fallen trees, etc. which obstructs navigation in a river.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

raft (third-person singular simple present rafts, present participle rafting, simple past and past participle rafted)

  1. (transitive) to convey on a raft
  2. (transitive) to make into a raft
  3. (intransitive) to travel by raft
Translations

Related terms

Etymology 2

Alteration of raff.

Noun

raft (plural rafts)

  1. A large (but unspecified) number, a lot.
    • 2007, Edwin Mullins, The Popes of Avignon, Blue Bridge 2008, p. 31:
      Among those arrested was the grand master himself, Jacques de Molay, who found himself facing a raft of charges based on the specious evidence of former knights [...].
Translations

Etymology 3

Verb

raft

  1. simple past tense and past participle of reave
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

Anagrams


Albanian

Etymology

From Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (compare Turkish raf).

Noun

raft m

  1. shelf

Czech

Etymology

Borrowing from English raft.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /raft/

Noun

raft m

  1. raft (inflatable floating craft)

Declension