Definition 2024



See also: alis, Alis, and -ális


Alternative forms


-ālis m, f (neuter -āle); third declension

  1. Used to form adjectives of relationship from nouns or numerals.


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia
genitive -ālis -ālium
dative -ālī -ālibus
accusative -ālem -āle -ālēs -ālia
ablative -ālī -ālibus
vocative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia

Usage notes

The suffix -ālis is added to a noun or numeral to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

duo (two) + -alisduālis (that contains two)
nātūra (nature) + -alisnātūrālis (natural)
rēx (king, ruler) + -alisrēgālis (regal, royal)

If the root word ends in -l or -lis, -āris is generally used instead. Sometimes both forms are found; e.g., līneālis and līneāris.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latin_words_suffixed_with_-alis'>Latin words suffixed with -alis</a>