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Definition 2022


Translingual

Han character

(radical 94 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大竹人弓大 (KHONK), four-corner 47234, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 715, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20553
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1127, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1358, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7334

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoː) : semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡoː).

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xou³⁵/
Harbin /xou²⁴/
Tianjin /xou⁴⁵/
Jinan /xou⁴²/
Qingdao /xou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xou⁴²/
Xi'an /xou²⁴/
Xining /xɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /xəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /xou⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /xəu²¹³/
Chengdu /xəu³¹/
Guiyang /xəu²¹/
Kunming /xəu³¹/
Nanjing /xəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /xɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəu¹¹/
Pingyao /xəu¹³/
Hohhot /xəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɤ²³/
Suzhou /ɦɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦui²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦou³¹/
Hui Shexian /xiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /siu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɛu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /heu¹¹/
Taoyuan /heu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu²¹/
Nanning /hɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ³⁵/
/kau³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kau⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ke²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kau⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔu³¹/
/kau³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-ɡˤ(r)o/
English monkey

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5141
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/

Definitions

  1. monkey; ape
  2. naughty child
  3. (Min Nan) male paramour
  4. (dialectal) to lean on someone; to pester someone
  5. (dialectal) to squat like a monkey
  6. (dialectal) naughty; clever
  7. (Min Nan) skinny and dark-skinned; ugly as a monkey
  8. A surname.

Synonyms

  • (monkey):
Dialectal synonyms of 猴子 (“monkey”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 猴子
Mandarin Beijing 猴子猴兒
Jinan 猴子猴兒、猴三兒
Xi'an
Wuhan 猴子
Chengdu 猴子、猴猻兒
Yangzhou 猴子
Hefei 猴子
Cantonese Guangzhou 馬騮
Hong Kong 馬騮
Taishan 馬騮
Yangjiang 馬騮
Gan Nanchang 猴子
Hakka Meixian 猴哥
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 猴哥猴仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 猴哥猴仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 猴哥猴仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 猴哥
Zhuolan (Raoping) 猴哥猴仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 毛猴
Min Bei Jian'ou 猴屄
Min Dong Fuzhou 、猴囝
Min Nan Xiamen 猴仔
Taipei 猴山仔
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 活猻
Suzhou 猢猻
Wenzhou 猴大
Xiang Changsha 猴子
Shuangfeng 猴子、猴猻

Compounds

  • 潑猴泼猴
  • 狐猴 (húhóu)
  • 猴兒猴儿 (hóur)
  • 猴兒崽子猴儿崽子
  • 猴兒精猴儿精
  • 猴子 (hóuzi)
  • 猴子似的
  • 猴子屁股
  • 猴子扮戲猴子扮戏
  • 猴孫王猴孙王
  • 猴崽子
  • 猴年馬月猴年马月
  • 猴急
  • 猴戲猴戏
  • 猴拳
  • 猴棗猴枣 (hóuzǎo)
  • 猴猻
  • 猴皮筋
  • 猴筋兒猴筋儿
  • 猴頭猴头
  • 猴頭菇猴头菇 (hóutóugū)

Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. monkey

Readings


Korean

Hanja

(hu) (hangeul )

  1. monkey, macaque

Derived terms


Vietnamese

Han character

(hầu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.