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Definition 2022


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Translingual

Han character

(radical 85 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水田中戈 (EWLI), four-corner 36127, composition)

  1. muddy, turbid, dirty, filthy

References

  • KangXi: page 654, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18440
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1758, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6FC1

Chinese

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːʔ, *toːɡs, *doːʔ, *doːɡ, *djoɡ
*toːɡs, *tuɡs, *rtoːɡ, *tjoɡ
*toːɡs
*sdoːmʔ, *tʰjoɡ
*rtoːɡ
*rtoːɡ, *toɡ
*rdoːɡ
*rdoːɡ, *zroːɡ, *djoɡ
*rdoːɡ, *tjoɡ
*sʰroːɡ
*doːɡ
*doːɡ
*doːɡ, *tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*toɡ
*toɡ
*toɡ
*doɡ
*doɡ, *tjoɡ
*tjoɡ
*tjoɡ
*tjoɡ
*tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*tʰjoɡ
*tʰjoɡ
*sʰlaː, *zlaːʔ, *tʰjoɡ
*djoɡ

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-tˤ]rok/
English muddy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11813
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdoːɡ/

Definitions

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

  • 乳濁液乳浊液
  • 五濁惡世五浊恶世
  • 凡胎濁骨凡胎浊骨
  • 十清九濁十清九浊
  • 惡濁恶浊
  • 懸濁液悬浊液
  • 揚清抑濁扬清抑浊
  • 揚清激濁扬清激浊
  • 汙濁污浊
  • 淟濁淟浊
  • 混濁混浊 (hùnzhuó)
  • 清塵濁水清尘浊水
  • 清渭濁涇清渭浊泾
  • 清濁清浊 (qīngzhuó)
  • 清濁同流清浊同流
  • 清聖濁賢清圣浊贤
  • 渾濁浑浊
  • 溷濁溷浊
  • 激濁揚清激浊扬清
  • 濁世浊世
  • 濁母浊母
  • 濁氣浊气
  • 濁水浊水
  • 濁水溪浊水溪
  • 濁流浊流 (zhuóliú)
  • 濁涇清渭浊泾清渭
  • 濁物浊物
  • 濁聲浊声
  • 濁聲母浊声母
  • 濁質凡姿浊质凡姿
  • 濁酒浊酒 (zhuójiǔ)
  • 濁酒粗食浊酒粗食 (zhuójiǔ cūshí)
  • 濁醪浊醪
  • 濁音浊音 (zhuóyīn)
  • 濁骨凡胎浊骨凡胎
  • 白濁白浊
  • 稠濁稠浊
  • 紛濁纷浊
  • 舉世混濁举世混浊
  • 行濁言清行浊言清
  • 言清行濁言清行浊
  • 貪濁有狀贪浊有状

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) dirty”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

(tak) (hangeul , revised tak, McCune-Reischauer t'ak, Yale thak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(trọc, đục, rục, sộc, chọc, trạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.