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Definition 2022


Translingual

Han character

(radical 85 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水月弓木 (EBND), four-corner 32147, composition)

  1. to float, drift, waft
  2. to exceed
  3. superfluous

References

  • KangXi: page 624, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17487
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1022, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1629, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6D6E

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*brɯwʔ, *browʔ, *pʰuw
*pʰruː
*bruː, *buw
*browʔ, *pʰuw
*pu, *bu
*bu
*bu
*bu, *pʰuw
*bu, *pʰuw
*bu
*bu
*bu
*bu
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/biu/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buw/
Li
Rong
/biu/
Wang
Li
/bĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*m.b(r)u/
English float (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bu/

Verb

  1. to float
    水面   zài shuǐmiàn   float on (top of) water

Compounds

  • 浮橋浮桥
  • 浮水
  • 浮沉
  • 浮泛
  • 浮浪
  • 浮淺浮浅
  • 浮游 (fúyóu)
  • 浮游生物 (fúyóu shēngwù)
  • 浮滑
  • 浮漂
  • 浮漾
  • 浮現浮现 (fúxiàn)
  • 浮生
  • 浮皮
  • 浮皮兒浮皮儿
  • 浮皮潦草
  • 浮皮蹭癢浮皮蹭痒
  • 浮石 (fúshí)
  • 浮碼頭浮码头
  • 浮禮兒浮礼儿
  • 浮筒
  • 浮腫浮肿 (fúzhǒng)
  • 浮船塢浮船坞
  • 浮華浮华
  • 浮萍 (fúpíng)
  • 浮蕩浮荡
  • 浮薄
  • 浮言
  • 浮詞浮词
  • 浮誇浮夸 (fúkuā)
  • 浮語虚辭浮语虚辞
  • 浮說浮说
  • 浮豔浮艳
  • 浮財浮财
  • 浮躁 (fúzào)
  • 浮雕 (fúdiāo)
  • 浮雲浮云 (fúyún)
  • 浮露
  • 浮面
  • 浮面兒浮面儿
  • 浮頭浮头
  • 浮頭兒浮头儿

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings


Korean

Hanja

(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu, Yale pu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(phù, nổi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.