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Definition 2022


Translingual

Han character

(radical 38 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女十一人 (VJMO), four-corner 43432, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 268, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6602
  • Dae Jaweon: page 536, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1073, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5AC1

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːs
*kraːs
*kraːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːs) : semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraː).

Etymology

From (jiā, “home, house”), with the addition of the denominal verbalisation suffix *-s in Old Chinese, meaning “to go to one's new home; to become married”. In the Baxter–Sagart system, an additional pronunciation is posited for the causative sense (“to make someone become married; to marry off”), formed with the prolific Old Chinese causative prefix *s-. Compare .

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨH/
Li
Rong
/kaH/
Wang
Li
/kaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jià
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jià jià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H › ‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤra-s/ /*s-kˤra-s/
English go (as a bride) to one"s new home send (one’s daughter) as a bride

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5923
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːs/

Definitions

  1. (of a woman) to marry; to become married to
    出去   jià bù chūqù   unable to get married (to anyone); to be left on the shelf
    去年大學同學 [MSC, trad.]
    去年大学同学 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā qùnián jià gěi le dàxué tóngxué. [Pinyin]
    She married her university classmate last year.
  2. to give a daughter in marriage; to marry off
    女兒 / 女儿   jià'ér   to give a daughter in marriage; to try to marry off a daughter
  3. (figuratively) to transfer; to shift (harm, charge, etc.); to put the (blame) on another person
    禍於人 / 祸于人   jiàhuòyúrén   to shift the blame on others

Compounds

  • 下嫁
  • 再嫁
  • 出嫁 (chūjià)
  • 前婚後嫁前婚后嫁
  • 女大須嫁女大须嫁
  • 女嫁男婚
  • 女長須嫁女长须嫁
  • 婚嫁
  • 嫁人
  • 嫁奩嫁奁
  • 嫁妝嫁妆 (jiàzhuāng)
  • 嫁娶 (jiàqǔ)
  • 嫁接
  • 嫁狗隨狗嫁狗随狗
  • 嫁禍嫁祸
  • 嫁禍於人嫁祸于人
  • 嫁資嫁资
  • 嫁雞逐雞嫁鸡逐鸡
  • 嫁雞隨雞嫁鸡随鸡
  • 後嫁后嫁
  • 從嫁从嫁
  • 所嫁非人
  • 抱嫁
  • 招嫁
  • 改嫁
  • 新嫁娘
  • 為人作嫁为人作嫁
  • 男婚女嫁
  • 發嫁发嫁
  • 盲婚啞嫁盲婚哑嫁
  • 租稅轉嫁租税转嫁
  • 聘嫁
  • 許嫁许嫁 (xǔjià)
  • 論及婚嫁论及婚嫁
  • 賠嫁赔嫁
  • 贈嫁赠嫁
  • 轉嫁转嫁 (zhuǎnjià)
  • 逃嫁
  • 過嫁妝过嫁妆
  • 鍾馗嫁妹钟馗嫁妹
  • 陪嫁 (péijià)
  • 雲英未嫁云英未嫁

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bride

Readings

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [jo̞me̞]

Noun

(hiragana よめ, romaji yome)

  1. bride
  2. (Internet slang) waifu

Derived terms


Korean

Hanja

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(giá, gả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.