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Definition 2022


U+4E08, 丈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E08

[U+4E07]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E09]
See also: 𠀋 and

Translingual

Han character

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 十大 (JK), four-corner 50000)

References

  • KangXi: page 76, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11
  • Dae Jaweon: page 137, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 9, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E08

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*daŋʔ
*daŋʔ
*daŋʔ, *daŋs

Ideogrammic compound (會意) :  (ten) +  (hand) – ten chi () is one zhang ().

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ȡiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]raŋʔ/
English ten feet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16836
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daŋʔ/

Definitions

  1. A unit of measurement.
    1. The zhang, a traditional Chinese unit of length equal to 10 chi ()
    2. The mainland zhang, a unit of length standardized in 1984 as 3 1/3meters.
    3. The Taiwanese zhang, a unit of length standardized as 3 1/33meters, identical to the Japanese .
    4. The Hong Kong jeuhng, standardized as 3.71475 meters.
  2. to survey (land); to measure
  3. gentleman; man; husband
       zhàng   husband

Synonyms

  • (mainland zhang): 市丈 (shìzhàng)

See also

Compounds

  • 一丈青
  • 一落千丈
  • 一跳八丈
  • 丈丈
  • 丈二金剛丈二金刚
  • 丈人 (zhàngren)
  • 丈人峰
  • 丈人行
  • 丈八燈臺丈八灯台
  • 丈八蛇矛 (Zhàng bā shémáo)
  • 丈六金身
  • 丈夫 (zhàngfū)
  • 丈夫女
  • 丈夫子
  • 丈室
  • 丈母 (zhàngmǔ)
  • 丈母娘 (zhàngmuniáng)
  • 丈量
  • 不丈夫
  • 偉丈夫伟丈夫
  • 光焰萬丈光焰万丈
  • 光芒萬丈光芒万丈
  • 公丈
  • 函丈
  • 國丈国丈
  • 大丈夫 (dàzhàngfū)
  • 大八丈
  • 女丈夫
  • 女中丈夫
  • 妹丈 (mèizhàng)
  • 姊丈 (zǐzhàng)
  • 姑丈 (gūzhàng)
  • 姑丈人
  • 姨丈 (yízhàng)
  • 家丈人
  • 小丈夫
  • 尺水丈波
  • 岳丈 (yuèzhàng)
  • 師丈师丈
  • 席間函丈席间函丈
  • 方丈 (fāngzhàng)
  • 方丈之饌方丈之馔
  • 方丈盈前
  • 日高三丈
  • 清丈
  • 火冒三丈
  • 烈丈夫
  • 百丈
  • 百丈山
  • 百丈清規百丈清规
  • 百丈竿頭百丈竿头
  • 眇小丈夫
  • 紅塵萬丈红尘万丈
  • 老丈
  • 老丈人
  • 萬丈万丈 (wànzhàng)
  • 萬丈深淵万丈深渊
  • 萬丈竿頭万丈竿头
  • 蓑衣丈人
  • 豪情萬丈豪情万丈
  • 賤丈夫贱丈夫
  • 雄心萬丈雄心万丈
  • 食前方丈
  • 食味方丈
  • 黎丘丈人

Japanese

Etymology 1

From Chinese (zhang)

Noun

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana ぢやう)

  1. , a traditional Japanese unit of length based on 10 shaku, standardized as equal to 3 1/33meters.

Etymology 2

/take2/: [takye] → [take]. Cognate with (taka, height), 高い (takai, high), and 長ける (takeru, to be high).

Alternative forms

Noun

(hiragana たけ, romaji take)

  1. height
    • 970-999, Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
      [...] いひ教ふる事もなくておほしたつるに、年にもあはず、たかく心かしこし。

Particle

(hiragana だけ, romaji dake)

  1. only, limit
    ローマ ()だけ辞書 (じしょ)
    Rōmaji dake no jisho.
    A rōmaji-only dictionary.
     ()たいだけ ()ていい。
    Netai dake nete ii.
    You can sleep as much as you want.
Usage notes
  • The Kanji spelling is rarely used.

Proper noun

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana ぢやう)

  1. A male given name

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings
Compounds
  • はちじょう (hachijō)

References


Korean

Hanja

(jang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jang, McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
  • Name (hangeul): 어른 (revised: eoleun, McCune-Reischauer: ǒrǔn)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


Vietnamese

Han character

(trượng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.