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Webster 1913 Edition


Surrender

Sur-ren′der

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Surrendered
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Surrendering
.]
[OF.
surrendre
to deliver;
sur
over +
rendre
to render. See
Sur-
, and
Render
.]
1.
To yield to the power of another; to give or deliver up possession of (anything) upon compulsion or demand;
as, to
surrender
one’s person to an enemy or to an officer; to
surrender
a fort or a ship
.
2.
To give up possession of; to yield; to resign;
as, to
surrender
a right, privilege, or advantage
.
To
surrender
up that right which otherwise their founders might have in them.
Hooker.
3.
To yield to any influence, emotion, passion, or power; – used reflexively;
as, to
surrender
one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep
.
4.
(Law)
To yield; to render or deliver up; to give up;
as, a principal
surrendered
by his bail, a fugitive from justice by a foreign state, or a particular estate by the tenant thereof to him in remainder or reversion
.

Sur-ren′der

,
Verb.
I.
To give up one's self into the power of another; to yield;
as, the enemy, seeing no way of escape,
surrendered
at the first summons
.

Sur-ren′der

,
Noun.
1.
The act of surrendering; the act of yielding, or resigning one's person, or the possession of something, into the power of another;
as, the
surrender
of a castle to an enemy; the
surrender
of a right
.
That he may secure some liberty he makes a
surrender
in trust of the whole of it.
Burke.
2.
(Law)
(a)
The yielding of a particular estate to him who has an immediate estate in remainder or reversion.
(b)
The giving up of a principal into lawful custody by his bail.
(c)
The delivery up of fugitives from justice by one government to another, as by a foreign state. See
Extradition
.
Wharton.

Webster 1828 Edition


Surrender

SURREN'DER

,
Verb.
T.
[L. sursum, and rendre, to render.]
1.
To yield to the power of another; to give or deliver up possession upon compulsion or demand; as, to surrender one's person to an enemy, or to commissioners of bankrupt; to surrender a fort or a ship. [To surrender up is not elegant.]
2.
To yield; to give up; to resign in favor of another; as,to surrender a right or privilege; to surrender a place or an office.
3.
To give up; to resign; as, to surrender the breath.
4.
In law, to yield an estate, as a tenant, into the hands of the lord for such purposes as are expressed in the act.
5.
To yield to any influence,passion or power; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence or to sleep.

SURREN'DER

,
Verb.
I.
To yield; to give up one's self into the power of another. The enemy seeing no way of escape,surrendered at the first summons.

SURREN'DER

,
Noun.
The act of yielding or resigning one's person or the possession of something, into the power of another; as the surrender of a castle to an enemy; the surrender of a right or of claims.
1.
A yielding or giving up.
2.
In law, the yielding of an estate by a tenant to the lord, for such purposes as are expressed by the tenant in the act.

Definition 2022


surrender

surrender

English

Alternative forms

Verb

surrender (third-person singular simple present surrenders, present participle surrendering, simple past and past participle surrendered)

  1. (transitive) To give up into the power, control, or possession of another; specifically (military) to yield (a town, a fortification, etc.) to an enemy.
  2. (intransitive or reflexive) To give oneself up into the power of another, especially as a prisoner; to submit or give in.
    I surrender!
  3. (transitive) To give up possession of; to yield; to resign.
    to surrender a right, privilege, or advantage
  4. (reflexive) To yield (oneself) to an influence, emotion, passion, etc.
    to surrender oneself to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep
  5. (transitive, intransitive, blackjack) To abandon (one's hand of cards) and recover half of the initial bet.

Synonyms

Translations

Noun

surrender (plural surrenders)

  1. An act of surrendering, submission into the possession of another; abandonment, resignation.
  2. The yielding or delivery of a possession in response to a demand.
  3. (law, property law) The yielding of the leasehold estate by the lessee to the landlord, so that the tenancy for years merges in the reversion and no longer exists.

Synonyms

Translations