Webster 1913 Edition
Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained truth of facts.
If we conceive God’s sight or
science, before the creation, to be extended to all and every part of the world, seeing everything as it is, . . . his
scienceor sight from all eternity lays no necessity on anything to come to pass.
Shakespeare's deep and accurate
sciencein mental philosophy.
Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge.
All this new
sciencethat men lere [teach].
Scienceis . . . a complement of cognitions, having, in point of form, the character of logical perfection, and in point of matter, the character of real truth.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; – called also
natural science, and
Voltaire hardly left a single corner of the field entirely unexplored in
science, poetry, history, philosophy.
Any branch or department of systematized knowledge considered as a distinct field of investigation or object of study;
scienceof astronomy, of chemistry, or of mind
☞ The ancients reckoned seven sciences, namely, grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy; – the first three being included in the Trivium, the remaining four in the Quadrivium.
Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven,
And though no
And though no
science, fairly worth the seven.
Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of knowledge of laws and principles.
science, coolness, and great strength.
G. A. Lawrence.
☞ Science is applied or pure. Applied science is a knowledge of facts, events, or phenomena, as explained, accounted for, or produced, by means of powers, causes, or laws. Pure science is the knowledge of these powers, causes, or laws, considered apart, or as pure from all applications. Both these terms have a similar and special signification when applied to the science of quantity; as, the applied and pure mathematics. Exact science is knowledge so systematized that prediction and verification, by measurement, experiment, observation, etc., are possible. The mathematical and physical sciences are called the exact sciences.
Syn. – Literature; art; knowledge.–
Art. Science is literally knowledge, but more usually denotes a systematic and orderly arrangement of knowledge. In a more distinctive sense, science embraces those branches of knowledge of which the subject-matter is either ultimate principles, or facts as explained by principles or laws thus arranged in natural order. The term literature sometimes denotes all compositions not embraced under science, but usually confined to the belles-lettres. [See
Literature.] Art is that which depends on practice and skill in performance. “In science, scimus ut sciamus; in art, scimus ut producamus. And, therefore, science and art may be said to be investigations of truth; but one, science, inquires for the sake of knowledge; the other, art, for the sake of production; and hence science is more concerned with the higher truths, art with the lower; and science never is engaged, as art is, in productive application. And the most perfect state of science, therefore, will be the most high and accurate inquiry; the perfection of art will be the most apt and efficient system of rules; art always throwing itself into the form of rules.”
To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.In a general sense, knowledge, or certain knowledge; the comprehension or understanding of truth or facts by the mind. The science of God must be perfect.
2.In philosophy, a collection of the general principles or leading truths relating to any subject. Pure science, as the mathematics, is built on self-evident truths; but the term science is also applied to other subjects founded on generally acknowledged truths, as metaphysics; or on experiment and observation, as chimistry and natural philosophy; or even to an assemblage of the general principles of an art, as the science of agriculture; the science of navigation. Arts relate to practice, as painting and sculpture.
A principle in science is a rule in art.
3.Art derived from precepts or built on principles.
Science perfects genius.
4.Any art or species of knowledge.
No science doth make known the first principles on which it buildeth.
5.One of the seven liberal branches of knowledge, viz grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music.
[Note - Authors have not always been careful to use the terms art and science with due discrimination and precision. Music is an art as well as a science. In general, an art is that which depends on practice or performance, and science that which depends on abstract or speculative principles. The theory of music is a science; the practice of it an art.]