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Webster 1913 Edition


Roast

Roast

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Roasted
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Roasting
.]
[OE.
rosten
, OF.
rostir
, F.
rôtir
; of German origin; cf. OHG.
rōsten
, G.
rösten
, fr. OHG.
rōst
,
rōsta
, gridiron, G.
rost
; cf. AS.
hyrstan
to roast.]
1.
To cook by exposure to radiant heat before a fire;
as, to
roast
meat on a spit, or in an oven open toward the fire and having reflecting surfaces within
; also, to cook in a close oven.
2.
To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.;
as, to
roast
a potato in ashes
.
In eggs boiled and
roasted
there is scarce difference to be discerned.
BAcon.
3.
To dry and parch by exposure to heat;
as, to
roast
coffee; to
roast
chestnuts, or peanuts.
4.
Hence, to heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
Roasted in wrath and fire.”
Shak.
5.
(Metal.)
To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
6.
To banter severely.
[Colloq.]
Atterbury.

Roast

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To cook meat, fish, etc., by heat, as before the fire or in an oven.
He could
roast
, and seethe, and broil, and fry.
Chaucer.
2.
To undergo the process of being roasted.

Roast

,
Noun.
That which is roasted; a piece of meat which has been roasted, or is suitable for being roasted.
A fat swan loved he best of any
roost
[roast].
Chaucer.
To rule the roast
,
to be at the head of affairs.
“The new-made duke that rules the roast.”
Shak.

Roast

,
Adj.
[For
roasted
.]
Roasted;
as,
roast
beef
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Roast

ROAST

,
Verb.
T.
[If the verb is from the noun, the sense is to dress or cook on a gridiron or grate, and rist, rost, coincide in elements with L. rastellum, a rake. If the verb is the root, the sense probably is to contract or crisp, or to throw or agitate, hence to make rough.]
1.
To cook, dress or prepare meat for the table by exposing it to heat, as on a spit. In a bake-pan, in an oven or the like. We now say, to roast meat on a spit, in a pan, or in a tin oven, &c.; to bake meat in an oven; to broil meat on a gridiron.
2.
To prepare for food by exposure to heat; as, to roast apples or potatoes; to roast eggs.
3.
To heat to excess; to heat violently.
Roasted in wrath and fire.
4.
To dry and parch by exposure to heat; as, to roast coffee.
5.
In metallurgy, to dissipate the volatile parts of ore by heat.
6.
In common discourse, to jeer; to banter severely.

ROAST

,
Noun.
That which is roasted.

ROAST

,
Adj.
[for roasted.] Roasted; as roast beef.

ROAST

,
Noun.
In the phrase, to rule the roast, this word is a corrupt pronunciation.

Definition 2022


roast

roast

English

Verb

roast (third-person singular simple present roasts, present participle roasting, simple past and past participle roasted)

  1. (transitive or intransitive or ergative) To cook food by heating in an oven or over a fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance.
    to roast meat on a spit
  2. To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.
    to roast a potato in ashes
    • Francis Bacon
      In eggs boiled and roasted there is scarce difference to be discerned.
  3. (transitive or intransitive or ergative) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
    Coffee beans need roasting before use.
    to roast chestnuts or peanuts
  4. To heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
    • Shakespeare
      roasted in wrath and fire
  5. (transitive, figuratively) To admonish someone vigorously
    I’m late home for the fourth time this week; my mate will really roast me this time.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine.
    The class clown enjoys being roasted by mates as well as staff.
  7. (metalworking) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.

Coordinate terms

Derived terms

  • roasting ear
  • roasting jack

Translations

Noun

roast (plural roasts)

  1. A cut of meat suited to roasting
  2. A meal consisting of roast foods.
  3. The degree to which something, especially coffee, is roasted.
    Dark roast means that the coffee bean has been roasted to a higher temperature and for a longer period of time than in light roast.
  4. (Originally fraternal) A comical event where a person is subjected to verbal attack, yet may be praised by sarcasm and jokes.

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

roast (not comparable)

  1. having been cooked by roasting
  2. (figuratively) subjected to roasting, bantered, severely criticized

Translations

See also

Anagrams