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Webster 1913 Edition


Mitigate

Mit′i-gate

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Mitigated
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Mitigating
.]
[L.
mitigatus
, p. p. of
mitigare
to soften, mitigate;
mitis
mild, soft + the root of
agere
to do, drive.]
1.
To make less severe, intense, harsh, rigorous, painful, etc.; to soften; to meliorate; to alleviate; to diminish; to lessen;
as, to
mitigate
heat or cold; to
mitigate
grief.
2.
To make mild and accessible; to mollify; – applied to persons.
[Obs.]
This opinion . . .
mitigated
kings into companions.
Burke.
Syn. – To alleviate; assuage; allay. See
Alleviate
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Mitigate

MIT'IGATE

,
Verb.
T.
[L.. mitigo, from mitis, soft, mild.]
1.
To alleviate, as suffering; to assuage; to lessen; as, to mitigate pain or grief.
And counsel mitigates the greatest smart.
2.
To make less severe; as, to mitigate doom.
3.
To abate; to make less rigorous; to moderate; as, to mitigate cold; to mitigate the severity of the season.
4.
To temper; to moderate; to soften in harshness or severity.
We could wish that the rigor of their opinions were allayed and mitigated.
5.
To calm; to appease; to moderate; as, to mitigate the fierceness of party.
6.
To diminish; to render more tolerable; as, to mitigate the evils or calamities of life; to mitigate punishment.
7.
To reduce in amount or severity; as, to mitigate a penalty.
8.
To soften, or make mild and accessible; in a literal sense.
It was this opinion which mitigated kings into companions. [Unusual.]

Definition 2022


mitigate

mitigate

English

Verb

mitigate (third-person singular simple present mitigates, present participle mitigating, simple past and past participle mitigated)

  1. (transitive) To reduce, lessen, or decrease.
  2. (transitive) To downplay.

Usage notes

Particularly used as mitigate a problem or flaw. Contrast with ameliorate (make better).

This word is often misused to mean “operate” or “influence”. For this meaning the correct word is militate, followed by “against” or “in favour of”. Mitigate is never followed by these expressions.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Coordinate terms

Related terms

Translations

References

  1. mitigate” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Italian

Verb

mitigate

  1. second-person plural present indicative of mitigare
  2. second-person plural imperative of mitigare
  3. feminine plural of mitigato

Latin

Participle

mītigāte

  1. vocative masculine singular of mītigātus