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Definition 2021


Lucht

Lucht

See also: lucht

Saterland Frisian

Noun

Lucht f

  1. atmosphere
  2. sky; the heavens

Related terms

lucht

lucht

See also: Lucht

Dutch

Noun

lucht f, m (plural luchten, diminutive luchtje n)

  1. air (mixture of gases)
  2. sky
  3. odour, smell

Derived terms

Verb

lucht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of luchten
  2. imperative of luchten

Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish lucht, from Proto-Celtic *luxtus (contents, crowd, people).

Pronunciation

Noun

lucht m (genitive singular luchta, nominative plural luchtanna)

  1. contents, (electricity) charge
  2. fill, capacity
  3. cargo, load

Declension

Synonyms

Derived terms

  • lucht loinge (shipload)

Noun

lucht m (genitive singular lucht)

  1. people (collective noun)
    lucht ceirde ― tradespeople
    lucht oibre ― laborers
    lucht seanmóra ― preachers

Usage notes

Generally used with another noun in the genitive to indicate people associated with a particular activity.

References

  • "lucht" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • lucht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*luxtu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 251

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *luxtus (contents, crowd, people), of unknown origin. Cognate with Welsh llwyth (cargo; litter (of baby animals)) and Gaulish luxtos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /l͈uxt/

Noun

lucht m (genitive luchta, no plural)

  1. contents
  2. cargo
  3. (sailing) complement, crew, (by extension) vessel
  4. occupants, inhabitants, possessors
  5. household

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms

  • comlucht (accomplices, companions)

Descendants

References

  • lucht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*luxtu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 251