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Webster 1913 Edition


Atmosphere

At′mos-phere

,
Noun.
[Gr. [GREEK] vapor (akin to Skr.
ātman
breath, soul, G.
athem
breath) + [GREEK] sphere: cf. F.
atmosphère
. See
Sphere
.]
1.
(Physics)
(a)
The whole mass of aëriform fluid surrounding the earth; – applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body;
as, the
atmosphere
of Mars
.
(b)
Any gaseous envelope or medium.
An
atmosphere
of cold oxygen.
Miller.
2.
A supposed medium around various bodies;
as,
electrical atmosphere
, a medium formerly supposed to surround electrical bodies
.
Franklin.
3.
The pressure or weight of the air at the sea level, on a unit of surface, or about 14.7 lbs. to the sq. inch.
Hydrogen was liquefied under a pressure of 650
atmospheres
.
Lubbock.
4.
Any surrounding or pervading influence or condition.
The chillest of social
atmospheres
.
Hawthorne.
5.
The portion of air in any locality, or affected by a special physical or sanitary condition;
as, the
atmosphere
of the room; a moist or noxious
atmosphere
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Atmosphere

AT'MOSPHERE

,
Noun.
[Gr. vapor, and a sphere.
The whole mass of fluid, consisting of air, aqueous and other vapors, surrounding the earth.

Definition 2021


atmosphere

atmosphere

See also: atmosphère

English

Alternative forms

Noun

atmosphere (plural atmospheres)

  1. The gases surrounding the Earth or any astronomical body.
  2. The air in a particular place.
    • 1915, Mrs. Belloc Lowndes, The Lodger, chapter I:
      Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to last another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; [].
  3. (figuratively) The apparent mood felt in a environment.
  4. A unit of measurement for pressure (symbol: atm)

Synonyms

Meronyms

  • See also Wikisaurus:atmosphere

Related terms

Translations

See also