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Webster 1913 Edition


Insult

In′sult

,
Noun.
[L.
insultus
, fr.
insilire
to leap upon: cf. F.
insulte
. See
Insult
,
Verb.
T.
]
1.
The act of leaping on; onset; attack.
[Obs.]
Dryden.
2.
Gross abuse offered to another, either by word or act; an act or speech of insolence or contempt; a deprecatory remark; an affront; an indignity.
Syn. – Affront; indignity; abuse; outrage; contumely. See
Affront
.

In-sult′

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Insulted
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Insulting
.]
[F.
insulter
, L.
insultare
, freq. fr.
insilire
to leap into or upon; pref.
in-
in, on +
salire
to leap. See
Salient
.]
1.
To leap or trample upon; to make a sudden onset upon.
[Obs.]
Shak.
2.
To treat with abuse, insolence, indignity, or contempt, by word or action; to abuse;
as, to call a man a coward or a liar, or to sneer at him, is to
insult
him
.

In-sult′

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To leap or jump.
Give me thy knife, I will
insult
on him.
Shakespeare
Like the frogs in the apologue,
insulting
upon their wooden king.
Jer. Taylor.
2.
To behave with insolence; to exult.
[Archaic]
The lion being dead, even hares
insult
.
Daniel.
An unwillingness to
insult
over their helpless fatuity.
Landor.

Webster 1828 Edition


Insult

IN'SULT

,
Noun.
[L. insultus, from insilio, to leap on; in and salio, to leap.]
1.
The act of leaping on. [Little used.]
2.
Any gross abuse offered to another, either by words or actions; act or speech of insolence or contempt.
The ruthless sneer that insult adds to grief.

Definition 2022


insult

insult

English

Verb

insult (third-person singular simple present insults, present participle insulting, simple past and past participle insulted)

  1. (transitive) To offend (someone) by being rude, insensitive or insolent; to demean or affront (someone). [from 17th c.]
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To behave in an obnoxious and superior manner (over, against). [16th-19th c.]
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.3.3:
      thou hast lost all, poor thou art, dejected, in pain of body, grief of mind, thine enemies insult over thee, thou art as bad as Job […].
  3. (obsolete) To leap or trample upon; to make a sudden onset upon.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

Noun

insult (plural insults)

  1. An action or form of speech deliberately intended to be rude.
    • Savage
      the ruthless sneer that insult adds to grief
    • 1987, Jamie Lee Curtis, A Fish Called Wanda:
      To call you stupid would be an insult to stupid people!
  2. Anything that causes offence/offense, e.g. by being of an unacceptable quality.
    The way the orchestra performed tonight was an insult to my ears.
  3. (medicine) Something causing disease or injury to the body or bodily processes.
    • 2006, Stephen G. Lomber, Jos J. Eggermont, Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex (page 415)
      [] most investigators agreed with the characterization of early brain plasticity as a transiently available, ancillary system that is triggered by neural insult []
    • 2011, Terence Allen and Graham Cowling, The Cell: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford 2011, p. 96:
      Within the complex genome of most organisms there are alternative multiple pathways of proteins which can help the individual cell survive a variety of insults, for example radiation, toxic chemicals, heat, excessive or reduced oxygen.
  4. (obsolete) The act of leaping on; onset; attack.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

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