From Latin gēns (“gens; tribe, people”); see also gentile, gender, genus, generate.
gens (plural gentes or genses)
- (historical) A legally defined unit of Roman society, being a collection of people related by birth, marriage or adoption, but allowing a greater amount of time between members and their common ancestor than is commonly implied by the term related.
- (anthropology) A tribal subgroup whose members are characterized by having the same descent, usually along the male line.
- 1919, Boris Sidis, The Source and Aim of Human Progress:
- The taboos, the laws, the rules of genses, tribes, and nations, from the lowest to the highest, are upheld by a vague terror and sacred awe which society impresses on man by threats of ill-luck, fearful evil, and terrible punishments befalling sinners and transgressors of the tabooed, of the holy and the forbidden, charged with a mysterious, highly contagious, and virulently infective life-consuming energy.
in Ancient Rome, a group of people descending from a common ancestor
a tribal subgroup whose members are characterized by having the same descent
(historical Roman unit of society): The concept is close to and often translated as clan, but the two are not identical. The alternative tribe is also sometimes used, but the Latin tribus has a separate meaning.
(historical Roman unit of society): clan, tribe
- a bit
- a few
- not any
From an earlier gents, plural of gent, from Latin gentem, accusative of gēns.
gens m pl (plural only)
- set of people
- Ces gens-là ont toujours été sympas avec moi.
- Those people have always been kind to me.
- Je n’aime pas les gens qui se prennent pour le nombril du monde.
- I don't like people who think the world revolves around them.
- When gens is preceded by an attributive adjective which has a different feminine form, this adjective, along with any preceding determiner, is made feminine. However, adjectives after the noun remain masculine.
- Toutes les bonnes gens heureux
- Tous ces honnêtes gens
From Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis, from *ǵenh₁-, from which also gignō, generō, genus. Cognate with English kind and Ancient Greek γένεσις (génesis), whence English genesis.
gēns f (genitive gentis); third declension
- Roman clan, related by birth or marriage and sharing a common name
- tribe; people, family
- the chief gods
Third declension i-stem.
- gens in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- gens in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- GENS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), “gens”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- the territory of this race extends as far as the Rhine: haec gens pertinet usque ad Rhenum
- to civilise men, a nation: homines, gentem a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum civilemque deducere (De Or. 1. 8. 33)
- universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
- to violate the law of nations: ius gentium violare
- to completely annihilate a nation: gentem ad internecionem redigere or adducere (B. G. 2. 28)
- gens in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- gens in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016
- gens in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
↑ “kind”; in: M. Philippa e.a., Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands
gens f (plural gens)
- (Ancient Rome) gens (in Ancient Rome, a group of people descending from a common ancestor)
- indefinite genitive singular of gen