Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Fresh

Fresh

(frĕsh)
,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Fresher
(frĕsh′ẽr)
;
sup
erl.
Freshest
.]
[OE.
fresch
, AS.
fersc
; akin to D.
versch
, G.
frisch
, OHG.
frisc
, Sw.
frisk
, Dan.
frisk
,
fersk
, Icel.
frīskr
frisky, brisk,
ferskr
fresh; cf. It.
fresco
, OF.
fres
,
freis
, fem.
freske
,
fresche
, F.
frais
, fem.
fraîche
, which are of German origin. Cf.
Fraischeur
,
Fresco
,
Frisk
.]
1.
Possessed of original life and vigor; new and strong; unimpaired; sound.
2.
New; original; additional.
“Fear of fresh mistakes.”
Sir W. Scott.
A
fresh
pleasure in every fresh posture of the limbs.
Landor.
3.
Lately produced, gathered, or prepared for market; not stale; not dried or preserved; not wilted, faded, or tainted; in good condition;
as,
fresh
vegetables, flowers, eggs, meat, fruit, etc.
; recently made or obtained; occurring again; repeated;
as, a
fresh
supply of goods;
fresh
tea, raisins, etc.
; lately come or made public;
as,
fresh
news
; recently taken from a well or spring;
as,
fresh
water
.
4.
Youthful; florid;
as, these
fresh
nymphs
.
Shak.
5.
In a raw, green, or untried state; uncultivated; uncultured; unpracticed;
as, a
fresh
hand on a ship
.
6.
Renewed in vigor, alacrity, or readiness for action;
as,
fresh
for a combat
; hence, tending to renew in vigor; rather strong; cool or brisk;
as, a
fresh
wind
.
7.
Not salt;
as,
fresh
water, in distinction from that which is from the sea, or brackish;
fresh
meat, in distinction from that which is pickled or salted.
Syn. – Sound; unimpaired; recent; unfaded: ruddy; florid; sweet; good: inexperienced; unpracticed: unused; lively; vigorous; strong.

Fresh

,
Noun.
;
pl.
Freshes
.
1.
A stream or spring of fresh water.
He shall drink naught but brine; for I’ll not show him
Where the quick
freshes
are.
Shakespeare
2.
A flood; a freshet.
[Prov. Eng.]
Halliwell.
3.
The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.
Beverly.

Fresh

,
Verb.
T.
To refresh; to freshen.
[Obs.]
Rom. of R.

Webster 1828 Edition


Fresh

FRESH

,
Adj.
[Eng. rush, which gives the radical sense, though it may not be the same word.]
1.
Moving with celerity; brisk; strong; somewhat vehement; as a fresh breeze; fresh wind; the primary sense.
2.
Having the color and appearance of young thrifty plants; lively; not impaired or faded; as when we say, the fields look fresh and green.
3.
Having the appearance of a healthy youth; florid; ruddy; as a fresh-colored young man.
4.
New; recently grown; as fresh vegetables.
5.
New; recently made or obtained. We have a fresh supply of goods from the manufactory, or from India; fresh tea; fresh raisins.
6.
Not impaired by time; not forgotten or obliterated. The story is fresh in my mind; the ideas are fresh in my recollection.
7.
Not salt; as fresh water; fresh meat.
8.
Recently from the well or spring; pure and cool; not warm or vapid. Bring a glass of fresh water.
9.
In a state like that of recent growth or recentness; as, to preserve flowers and fruit fresh.
Fresh as April, sweet as May.
10.
Repaired from loss or diminution; having new vigor. He rose fresh for the combat.
11.
New; that has lately come or arrived; as fresh news; fresh dispatches.
12.
Sweet; in a good state; not stale.
13.
Unpracticed; unused; not before employed; as a fresh hand on board of a ship.
14.
Moderately rapid; as, the ship makes fresh way.

FRESH

,
Noun.
A freshet.

Definition 2022


fresh

fresh

English

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Newly produced or obtained.
    He followed the fresh hoofprints to find the deer.
    I seem to make fresh mistakes every time I start writing.
  2. Not cooked, dried, frozen, or spoiled.
    After taking a beating in the boxing ring, the left side of his face looked like fresh meat.
    I brought home from the market a nice bunch of fresh spinach leaves straight from the farm.
    a glass of fresh milk
  3. (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
    • 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page vii
      With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get []
  4. Refreshing or cool.
    What a nice fresh breeze.
  5. (of water) Without salt; not saline.
    After a day at sea it was good to feel the fresh water of the stream.
    • a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:
      There we made our ſhip faſt with foure ropes, in ſmooth water, and the freſh water ranne downe out of the hill into the ſea, []
    • 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:
      When dissolved, it produces water sometimes perfectly fresh, and sometimes saltish; []
    • 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ISBN 9781582559995, page 1557:
      Additional changes that occur when water enters the lungs depend on whether the water is fresh or salt.
  6. Rested; not tired or fatigued.
    • 2010 December 29, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0 - 1 Wolverhampton”, in BBC:
      Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.
  7. In a raw or untried state; uncultured; unpracticed.
    a fresh hand on a ship
  8. youthful; florid
    • Shakespeare
      these fresh nymphs
Synonyms
  • See also Wikisaurus:inexperienced
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

fresh (not comparable)

  1. recently; just recently; most recently
    We are fresh out of milk.

Noun

fresh (plural freshes)

  1. A rush of water, along a river or onto the land; a flood.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett (Nebraska, 1987), page 21:
      They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah's fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.
  2. A stream or spring of fresh water.
    • Shakespeare
      He shall drink naught but brine; for I'll not show him / Where the quick freshes are.
  3. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.
    • 1705, Robert Beverley, Jr., History and Present State of Virginia:
      When they cross any great Water, or violent Fresh, or Torrent, they throw Tobacco, Puccoon, Peak, or some other valuable thing, that they happen to have about there, to intreat the Spirit presiding there, to grant them a safe passage. It is call'd a Fresh, when after very great Rains, or (as we suppose) after a great Thaw of the Snow and Ice lying upon the Mountains Page 43 to the North West, the Water descends, in such abundance into the Rivers, that they overflow the Banks which bound their Streams at other times.

Etymology 2

1848, US slang, probably from German frech (impudent, cheeky, insolent), from Middle High German vrech (bold, brave, lively), from Old High German freh (greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash). Cognate with Old English frec (greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous) and Danish fræk (naughty). More at freak.

Adjective

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)

  1. Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
    No one liked his fresh comments.
  2. Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.
    Hey, don't get fresh with me!
Derived terms
Translations
Synonyms
  • See also Wikisaurus:cheeky

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: walk · places · simple · #710: fresh · noble · appearance · period