Definition 2024



See also: constò and constó




  1. first-person singular present indicative of constare




From con- (together) + stō (stand).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkon.stoː/, [ˈkõː.stoː]


cōnstō (present infinitive cōnstāre, perfect active cōnstitī, supine cōnstātum); first conjugation

  1. to stand together
  2. to stand still; to remain the same; stand firm
  3. to agree, correspond, fit
  4. to be certain, decided, agreed upon, consistent
  5. to consist, to be composed of
    • c. 1300, Tractatus de Ponderibus et Mensuris
      carrus plumbi constat ex triginta fotmallis
      The fother of lead is formed from thirty fotmals.


   Conjugation of consto (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstō cōnstās cōnstat cōnstāmus cōnstātis cōnstant
imperfect cōnstābam cōnstābās cōnstābat cōnstābāmus cōnstābātis cōnstābant
future cōnstābō cōnstābis cōnstābit cōnstābimus cōnstābitis cōnstābunt
perfect cōnstitī cōnstitistī cōnstitit cōnstitimus cōnstitistis cōnstitērunt, cōnstitēre
pluperfect cōnstiteram cōnstiterās cōnstiterat cōnstiterāmus cōnstiterātis cōnstiterant
future perfect cōnstiterō cōnstiteris cōnstiterit cōnstiterimus cōnstiteritis cōnstiterint
passive present cōnstor cōnstāris, cōnstāre cōnstātur cōnstāmur cōnstāminī cōnstantur
imperfect cōnstābar cōnstābāris, cōnstābāre cōnstābātur cōnstābāmur cōnstābāminī cōnstābantur
future cōnstābor cōnstāberis, cōnstābere cōnstābitur cōnstābimur cōnstābiminī cōnstābuntur
perfect cōnstātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cōnstātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cōnstātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstem cōnstēs cōnstet cōnstēmus cōnstētis cōnstent
imperfect cōnstārem cōnstārēs cōnstāret cōnstārēmus cōnstārētis cōnstārent
perfect cōnstiterim cōnstiterīs cōnstiterit cōnstiterīmus cōnstiterītis cōnstiterint
pluperfect cōnstitissem cōnstitissēs cōnstitisset cōnstitissēmus cōnstitissētis cōnstitissent
passive present cōnster cōnstēris, cōnstēre cōnstētur cōnstēmur cōnstēminī cōnstentur
imperfect cōnstārer cōnstārēris, cōnstārēre cōnstārētur cōnstārēmur cōnstārēminī cōnstārentur
perfect cōnstātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cōnstātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstā cōnstāte
future cōnstātō cōnstātō cōnstātōte cōnstantō
passive present cōnstāre cōnstāminī
future cōnstātor cōnstātor cōnstantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cōnstāre cōnstitisse cōnstātūrus esse cōnstārī cōnstātus esse cōnstātum īrī
participles cōnstāns cōnstātūrus cōnstātus cōnstandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
cōnstāre cōnstandī cōnstandō cōnstandum cōnstātum cōnstātū



  • consto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • consto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “consto”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am losing my eyesight and getting deaf: neque auribus neque oculis satis consto
    • to be composed of; to consist of: constare ex aliqua re
    • it is a recognised fact: inter omnes constat
    • I have not made up my mind: mihi non constat (with indirect question)
    • to contradict oneself, be inconsistent: a se dissidere or sibi non constare (of persons)
    • to compose oneself with difficulty: mente vix constare (Tusc. 4. 17. 39)
    • to be consistent: sibi constare, constantem esse
    • a thing costs much, little: aliquid magno, parvo stat, constat
    • a thing costs nothing: aliquid nihilo or gratis constat
    • the accounts balance: ratio alicuius rei constat (convenit, par est)




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of constar.