Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Civil

Civ′il

,
Adj.
[L.
civilis
, fr.
civis
citizen: cf. F.
civil
. See
City
.]
1.
Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state.
2.
Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; – said of the community.
England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew
civil
.
Spenser.
3.
Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; – said of an individual.
Civil
men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven.
Preston
4.
Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.
☞ “A civil man now is one observant of slight external courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the duties and obligations flowing from his position as a ’civis' and his relations to the other members of that 'civitas.'”
Trench
5.
Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state.
6.
Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings.
Civil action
,
an action to enforce the rights or redress the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal proceeding.
Civil architecture
,
the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture, as private houses, palaces, churches, etc.
Civil death
.
(Law.)
See under
Death
.
Civil engineering
.
See under
Engineering
.
Civil law
.
See under
Law
.
Civil list
.
See under
List
.
Civil remedy
(Law)
,
that given to a person injured, by action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.
Civil service
,
all service rendered to and paid for by the state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or military affairs.
Civil service reform
,
the substitution of business principles and methods for the spoils system in the conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of appointments to office.
Civil state
,
the whole body of the laity or citizens not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.
Civil suit
.
Same as
Civil action
.
Civil war
.
See under
War
.
Civil year
.
See under
Year
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Civil

CIVIL

, a.
1.
Relating to the community, or to the policy and government of the citizens and subjects of a state; as in the phrases, civil rights, civil government, civil privileges, civil war, civil justice. It is opposed to criminal; as a civil suit, a suit between citizens alone; whereas a criminal process is between the state and a citizen. It is distinguished from ecclesiastical, which respects the church; and from military, which respects the army and navy.
2.
Relating to any man as a member of a community; as civil power, civil rights, the power or rights which a man enjoys as a citizen.
3.
Reduced to order, rule and government; under a regular administration; implying some refinement of manners; not savage or wild; as civil life; civil society.
4.
Civilized; courteous; complaisant; gentle and obliging; well-bred; affable; kind; having the manners of a city, as opposed to the rough, rude, coarse manners of a savage or clown.
Where civil speech and soft persuasion hung.
5.
Grave; sober; not gay or showy.
Till civil suited morn appear.
6.
Compaisant; polite; a popular colloquial use of the word.
7.
Civil death, in law, is that which cuts off a man from civil society, or its rights and benefits, as banishment, outlawry, excommunication, entering into a monastery, &c., as distinguished from natural death.
8.
Civil law, in a general sense, the law of a state, city or country; but in an appropriate sense, the Roman empire, comprised in the Institutes, Code and Digest of Justinian and the Novel Constitutions.
9.
Civil list, the officers of civil government, who are paid from the public treasury; also, the revenue appropriated to support the civil government.
The army of James II was paid out of his civil list.
10.
Civil state, the whole body of the laity or citizens, not included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical states.
11.
Civil war, a war between people of the same state or city; opposed to foreign war.
12.
Civil year, the legal year, or annual account of time which a government appoints to be used in its own dominions, as distinguished from the natural year, which is measured by the revolution of the heavenly bodies.
13.
Civil architecture, the architecture which is employed in constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in distinction from military and naval architecture; as private houses, palaces, churches, &c.

Definition 2023


civil

civil

English

Adjective

civil (comparative more civil, superlative most civil)

  1. (not comparable) Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.
    She went into civil service because she wanted to help the people.
  2. (comparable) Behaving in a reasonable or polite manner.
    It was very civil of him to stop the argument.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations


Catalan

Adjective

civil m, f (masculine and feminine plural civils)

  1. civil

Derived terms

Related terms

  • civilitat

Danish

Etymology

From Latin cīvīlis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /siˈviˀl/

Adjective

civil

  1. civil (all senses), civilian

Inflection

Inflection of civil
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular civil 2
Neuter singular civilt 2
Plural civile 2
Definite attributive1 civile
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Derived terms


French

Etymology

From Latin cīvīlis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sivil/

Adjective

civil m (feminine singular civile, masculine plural civils, feminine plural civiles)

  1. civil (war, marriage etc.)
  2. (politics) lay
  3. civilian
  4. (literary) civil, courteous, polite

Derived terms

Noun

civil m (plural civils)

  1. civilian

Norman

Etymology

From Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis (citizen), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to lie down, settle; home, family; love; beloved).

Adjective

civil m

  1. (Jersey) polite
  2. (Jersey) civil

Derived terms


Occitan

Etymology

From Latin cīvīlis.

Adjective

civil m (feminine singular civila, masculine plural civils, feminine plural civilas)

  1. civil

Derived terms


Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin cīvīlis (civic; civil), from cīvis (citizen).

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /si.ˈviw/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /si.ˈviɫ/
  • Hyphenation: ci‧vil

Adjective

civil m, f (plural civis, comparable)

  1. civil; civilian (not relating to the military or clergy)
    Se não quiser levar um tiro, use roupas civis. ― If you don’t want to be shot, use civilian clothing.
  2. civic (relating to citizens)
    Deves cumprir tua obrigação civil. ― You must perform your civic duty.
  3. (law) relating to civil law
    Estudo direito civil. ― I study civil law.
  4. occurring between the inhabitants of the same country
    Guerra civil.Civil war.
  5. civil (behaving in a reasonable or polite manner)
    Seja mais civil e pare de criticar as pessoas. ― Be more civil and stop criticising people.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Noun

civil m f (plural civis)

  1. civilian (person who is not a member of the military, police or belligerent group)

Derived terms


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowing from German Zivil, from French civil, from Latin cīvīlis (civic, civil), from cīvis (citizen).

Noun

cìvīl m (Cyrillic spelling цѝвӣл)

  1. civilian (not related to the military armed forces)

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin cīvīlis (civil, civic), from cīvis (citizen).

Pronunciation

  • (Castilian) IPA(key): /θiˈβil/
  • (Others) IPA(key): /siˈβil/
  • Homophone: sibil (non-Castilian dialects)
  • Rhymes: -il

Adjective

civil m, f (plural civiles)

  1. civil (all senses)

Derived terms

Related terms


Swedish

Adjective

civil

  1. civil; having to do with people and organizations outside military or police, sometimes also outside of other team-based activities, such as a professional sports team

Declension

Inflection of civil
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular civil
Neuter singular civilt
Plural civila
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 civile
All civila
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.