Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Proven

Prov′en

,
p.
p.
or
Adj.
Proved.
“Accusations firmly proven in his mind.”
Thackeray.
Of this which was the principal charge, and was generally believed to be
proven
, he was acquitted.
Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Not proven
(Scots Law)
,
a verdict of a jury that the guilt of the accused is not made out, though not disproved.
Mozley & W.

Webster 1828 Edition


Proven

PROVEN

, a word used by Socttish writers for proved.

Definition 2021


proven

proven

See also: provén

English

Adjective

proven (comparative more proven, superlative most proven)

  1. Having been proved; having proved its value or truth.
    It's a proven fact that morphine is a more effective painkiller than acetaminophen is.
    Mass lexical comparison is not a proven method for demonstrating relationships between languages.

Translations

Antonyms

Verb

proven

  1. (often discouraged) past participle of prove

Usage notes

As the past participle of prove, proven is often discouraged, with proved preferred – “have proved” rather than “have proven”. However, they are both used about equally in everyday use.[1][2]

Historically, proved is the older form, while proven arose as a Scottish variant – see etymology. Used in legal writing from the mid-17th century, it entered literary usage more slowly, only becoming significant in the 19th century, with the poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson among the earliest frequent users (presumably for reasons of meter).[2] In the 19th century, proven was widely discouraged, and remained significantly less common through the mid-20th century (proved being used approximately four times as often); by the late 20th century it came to be used about equally.[2]

As an attributive adjective, proven is much[2] more commonly used,[1] and proved is widely considered an error – “a proven method”, not *“a proved method”.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 prove” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 prove” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.

Catalan

Verb

proven

  1. third-person plural present indicative form of provar

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

proven

  1. Plural form of prove

Galician

Verb

proven

  1. second-person singular imperative of provir