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Webster 1913 Edition


Perish

Per′ish

,
Verb.
I.
[
imp. & p. p.
Perished
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Perishing
.]
[OE.
perissen
,
perisshen
, F.
périr
, p. pr.
périssant
, L.
perire
to go or run through, come to nothing, perish;
per
through +
ire
to go. Cf.
Issue
, and see
-ish
.]
To be destroyed; to pass away; to become nothing; to be lost; to die; hence, to wither; to waste away.
I
perish
with hunger!
Luke xv. 17.
Grow up and
perish
, as the summer fly.
Milton.
The thoughts of a soul that
perish
in thinking.
Locke.

Per′ish

,
Verb.
T.
To cause perish.
[Obs.]
Bacon.

Webster 1828 Edition


Perish

PER'ISH

, v.i.[L. pereo, supposed to be compounded of per and eo, to go; literally, to depart wholly.]
1.
To die; to lose life in any manner; applied to animals. Men perish by disease or decay, by the sword, by drowning, by hunger or famine, &c.
2.
To die; to wither and decay; applied to plants.
3.
To waste away; as, a leg or an arm has perished.
4.
To be in a state of decay or passing away.
Duration, and time which is part of it, is the idea we have of perishing distance.
5.
To be destroyed; to come to nothing.
Perish the lore that deadens young desire.
6.
To fail entirely or to be extirpated. 2 Kings.9.
7.
To be burst or ruined; as, the bottles shall perish.
Luke 5.
8.
To be wasted or rendered useless. Jer.9.
9.
To be injured or tormented. 1 Cor.8.
10. To be lost eternally; to be sentenced to endless misery. 2 Pet.2.

PER'ISH

,
Verb.
T.
To destroy. [Not legitimate.]

Definition 2021


perish

perish

English

Verb

perish (third-person singular simple present perishes, present participle perishing, simple past and past participle perished)

  1. (intransitive) To pass away; to come to naught; to waste away; to decay and disappear.
  2. (intransitive) To die; to cease to live.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      ...the ship struck upon a sand, and ... the sea broke over her in such a manner that we expected we should all have perished immediately; and we were immediately driven into our close quarters, to shelter us from the very foam and spray of the sea.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To cause to perish.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)

Synonyms

Derived terms

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Translations

External links

  • perish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • perish in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

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