Webster 1913 Edition
[L., fr. Gr.
mān; cf. Ar.
mann, properly, gift (of heaven).]
The food supplied to the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness of Arabia; hence, divinely supplied food.
Ex. xvi. 15.
A name given to lichens of the genus
Lecanora, sometimes blown into heaps in the deserts of Arabia and Africa, and gathered and used as food; called also
(Bot. & Med.)
A sweetish exudation in the form of pale yellow friable flakes, coming from several trees and shrubs and used in medicine as a gentle laxative, as the secretion of
Fraxinus Ornus, and
Fraxinus rotundifolia, the manna ashes of Southern Europe.
Persian mannais the secretion of the camel’s thorn (see
Camel's thorn, under
Tamarisk manna, that of the
Tamarisk mannifera, a shrub of Western Asia;
Australian, manna, that of certain species of eucalyptus;
Briançon manna, that of the European larch.
a scale insect (
Gossyparia mannipara), which causes the exudation of manna from the Tamarix tree in Arabia.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A substance miraculously furnished as food for the Israelites in their journey through the wilderness of Arabia. Ex.16.
Josephus, Ant.B.3.1. considers the Hebrew word man, to signify what. In conformity with this idea, the seventy translate the passage, Ex.16.15. what is this? which rendering seems to accord with the following words, for they knew not what it was. And in the Encyclopedia, the translators are charged with making Moses fall into a plain contradiction. Art. Manna. But Christ and his apostles confirm the common version: 'Not as your fathers ate manna, and are dead.' John 6.58. Heb.9.4. And we have other evidence, that the present version is correct; for in the same chapter, Moses directed Aaron to 'take a pot and put a homer full of manna therein.' Now it would be strange language to say, put an homer full of what, or what is it. So also verse 35. 'The children of Israel ate manna forty years, &c.' In both verses, the Hebrew word is the same as in verse 15.
2.In the materia medica, the juice of a certain tree of the ash-kind, the Fraxinus ornus, or flowering ash a native of Sicily, Calabria,and other parts of the south of Europe. It is either naturally concreted, or exsiccated and purified by art. The best manna is in oblong pieces or flakes of a whitish or pale yellow color, light, friable, and somewhat transparent. It is a mild laxative.