Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Jumper

Jump′er

,
Noun.
[See 1st
Jump
.]
1.
A loose upper garment
;
as:
(a)
A sort of blouse worn by workmen over their ordinary dress to protect it.
(b)
A fur garment worn in Arctic journeys.

Webster 1828 Edition


Jumper

JUMP'ER

,
Noun.
One who jumps.

Definition 2022


jumper

jumper

English

Noun

jumper (plural jumpers)

  1. Someone or something that jumps, e.g. a participant in a jumping event in track or skiing.
  2. A person who attempts suicide by jumping from a great height.
    • 2016, Michael P. Burke, Forensic Pathology of Fractures and Mechanisms of Injury
      Significantly more cervical spine injuries were seen in fallers as opposed to jumpers.
  3. A short length of electrical conductor, to make a temporary connection. Also jump wire.
  4. A removable connecting pin on an electronic circuit board.
  5. A long drilling tool used by masons and quarry workers, consisting of an iron bar with a chisel-edged steel tip at one or both ends, operated by striking it against the rock, turning it slightly with each blow.
  6. (US) A crude kind of sleigh, usually a simple box on runners which are in one piece with the poles that form the thills.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of J. F. Cooper to this entry?)
  7. (arachnology, informal) A jumping spider
  8. The larva of the cheese fly.
  9. (historical, 18th century) One of certain Calvinistic Methodists in Wales whose worship was characterized by violent convulsions.
  10. (horology) A spring to impel the star wheel, or a pawl to lock fast a wheel, in a repeating timepiece.
  11. A nuclear power plant worker who repairs equipment in areas with extremely high levels of radiation.
    • 1987 September 14, Gene Bylinskey, “Invasion of the service robots”, in Fortune:
      In nuclear plants, robots toil for hours at a time in highly radioactive areas in place of hundreds of employees, called jumpers or glowboys, who worked in short relays so as to minimize their exposure.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

jumper (third-person singular simple present jumpers, present participle jumpering, simple past and past participle jumpered)

  1. To connect with an electrical jumper.

Etymology 2

From the term jump (short coat) in sailors' jargon, probably from Scots English jupe (man's loose jacket or tunic), from Old French, from Arabic جوبَّة; see also jibba.

Noun

jumper (plural jumpers)

  1. (chiefly Britain, Australia) A woolen sweater or pullover.
  2. A loose outer jacket, especially one worn by workers and sailors.
  3. A one-piece, sleeveless dress, or a skirt with straps and a complete or partial bodice, usually worn over a blouse by women and children.
  4. (usually as jumpers) Rompers.
Translations

Portuguese

Noun

jumper m (plural jumpers)

  1. jumper (short length of electrical conductor)