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Webster 1913 Edition


Drug

Drug

(drŭg)
,
Verb.
I.
[See 1st
Drudge
.]
To drudge; to toil laboriously.
[Obs.]
“To drugge and draw.”
Chaucer.

Drug

,
Noun.
A drudge (?).
Shak. (Timon iv. 3, 253).

Drug

,
Noun.
[F.
drogue
, prob. fr. D.
droog
; akin to E.
dry
; thus orig., dry substance, hers, plants, or wares. See
Dry
.]
1.
Any animal, vegetable, or mineral substance used in the composition of medicines.
Whence merchants bring
Their spicy
drugs
.
Milton.
2.
Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand; – used often in the phrase “a
drug
on the market”.
“But sermons are mere drugs.”
Fielding.
And virtue shall a
drug
become.
Dryden.
3.
any stuff used in dyeing or in chemical operations.

Drug

,
Verb.
I.
[
imp. & p. p.
Drugged
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Drugging
.]
[Cf. F.
droguer
.]
To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.
B. Jonson.

Drug

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To affect or season with drugs or ingredients; esp., to stupefy by a narcotic drug. Also Fig.
The laboring masses . . . [were]
drugged
into brutish good humor by a vast system of public spectacles.
C. Kingsley.
Drug thy memories, lest thou learn it.
Tennyson.
2.
To tincture with something offensive or injurious.
Drugged
as oft,
With hatefullest disrelish writhed their jaws.
Milton.
3.
To dose to excess with, or as with, drugs.
With pleasure
drugged
, he almost longed for woe.
Byron.

Webster 1828 Edition


Drug

DRUG

,
Noun.
[See the verb, to dry.]
1.
The general name of substances used in medicine, sold by the druggist, and compounded by apothecaries and physicians; any substance, vegetable, animal or mineral, which is used in the composition or preparation of medicines. It is also applied to dyeing materials.
2.
Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand in market.
3.
A mortal drug, or a deadly drug, is poison.
4.
A drudge.

DRUG

,
Verb.
I.
To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.

DRUG

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To season with drugs or ingredients.
2.
To tincture with something offensive.

Definition 2021


drug

drug

See also: друг

English

Noun

drug (plural drugs)

  1. (pharmacology) A substance used to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, or modify a chemical process in the body for a specific purpose.
    Aspirin is a drug that reduces pain, acts against inflammation and lowers body temperature.
    The revenues from both brand-name drugs and generic drugs have increased.
    • Milton
      whence merchants bring their spicy drugs
  2. A psychoactive substance, especially one which is illegal and addictive, ingested for recreational use, such as cocaine.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Harper Perennial 2005 edition, page 3:
      We were somewhere around Barstow on the edge of the desert when the drugs began to take hold.
    • March 1991, unknown student, "Antihero opinion", SPIN, page 70:
      You have a twelve-year-old kid being told from the time he's like five years old that all drugs are bad, they're going to **** you up, don't try them. Just say no. Then they try pot.
    • 2005, Thomas Brent Andrews, The Pot Plan: Louie B. Stumblin and the War on Drugs, Chronic Discontent Books, ISBN 0976705605, page 19:
      The only thing working against the poor Drug Abuse Resistance Officer is high-school students. ... He'd offer his simple lesson: Drugs are bad, people who use drugs are bad, and abstinence is the only answer.
  3. Anything, such as a substance, emotion, or action, to which one is addicted.
    • 2005, Jack Haas, Om, Baby! : a Pilgrimage to the Eternal Self, page 8:
      Inspiration is my drug. Such things as spirituality, booze, travel, psychedelics, contemplation, music, dance, laughter, wilderness, and ribaldry — these have simply been the different forms of the drug of inspiration for which I have had great need []
    • 2009, Niki Flynn, Dances with Werewolves, page 8:
      Fear was my drug of choice. I thrived on scary movies, ghost stories and rollercoasters. I dreamed of playing the last girl left alive in a slasher film — the one who screams herself hoarse as she discovers her friends' bodies one by one.
    • 2010, Kesha Rose Sebert (Ke$ha), with Pebe Sebert and Joshua Coleman (Ammo), Your Love Is My Drug
    • 2011, Joslyn Shy, Introducing the Truth, page 5:
      The truth is...eating is my drug. When I am upset, I eat...when I am sad, I eat...when I am happy, I eat.
  4. Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand.
    • Fielding
      But sermons are mere drugs.
    • Dryden
      And virtue shall a drug become.
Usage notes
  • Adjectives often used with "drug": dangerous, illicit, illegal, psychoactive, generic, hard, veterinary, recreational
Synonyms
  • See also Wikisaurus:pharmaceutical
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

drug (third-person singular simple present drugs, present participle drugging, simple past and past participle drugged)

  1. (transitive) To administer intoxicating drugs to, generally without the recipient's knowledge or consent.
    She suddenly felt strange, and only then realized she'd been drugged.
  2. (transitive) To add intoxicating drugs to with the intention of drugging someone.
    She suddenly felt strange. She realized her drink must have been drugged.
  3. (intransitive) To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
Translations

Etymology 2

Germanic ablaut formation, cognate with Dutch droeg, German trug, Swedish drog, Old English drōg.

Verb

drug

  1. simple past tense and past participle of drag
    You look like someone drug you behind a horse for half a mile.
    • 2005, Diane Wilson, An Unreasonable Woman: A True Story of Shrimpers (ISBN 1603580417), page 193:
      When Blackburn called, I drug the telephone cord twenty feet out of the office and sat on the cord while I talked with him.
Usage notes
  • Random House says that drug is "nonstandard" as the past tense of drag. Merriam-Webster once ruled that drug in this construction was "illiterate" but have since upgraded it to "dialect". The lexicographers of New World, American Heritage, and Oxford make no mention of this word.

Etymology 3

Noun

drug (plural drugs)

  1. (obsolete) A drudge.
    • William Shakespeare, Timon of Athens
      Hadst thou, like us from our first swath, proceeded / The sweet degrees that this brief world affords / To such as may the passive drugs of it / Freely command, thou wouldst have plunged thyself / In general riot []

References

  • drug in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

Romanian

Etymology

From Serbo-Croatian drug.

Noun

drug m (plural drugi)

  1. pole, stick

Noun

drug n (plural druguri)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *drugъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *draugas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰrowgʰos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /drûːɡ/

Noun

drȗg m (Cyrillic spelling дру̑г)

  1. friend
  2. comrade
  3. A common word used to address countrymen in the period of communist Yugoslavia (male)

Declension

Derived terms

Related terms

Synonyms


Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdrúːk/
  • Tonal orthography: drȗg

Adjective

drúg (not comparable)

  1. other, another, different

Declension

See also