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Webster 1913 Edition


Damage

Dam′age

(dăm′ā̍j; 48)
,
Noun.
[OF.
damage
,
domage
, F.
dommage
, fr. assumed LL.
damnaticum
, from L.
damnum
damage. See
Damn
.]
1.
Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief.
He that sendeth a message by the hand of a fool cutteth off the feet and drinketh
damage
.
Prov. xxvi. 6.
Great errors and absurdities many commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great
damage
both of their fame and fortune.
Bacon.
2.
pl.
(Law)
The estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury sustained; a compensation, recompense, or satisfaction to one party, for a wrong or injury actually done to him by another.
☞ In common-law actions, the jury are the proper judges of damages.
Syn. – Mischief; injury; harm; hurt; detriment; evil; ill. See
Mischief
.

Dam′age

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Damaged
(dăm′ā̍jd)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Damaging
(dăm′ā̍-jĭng)
.]
[Cf. OF.
damagier
,
domagier
. See
Damage
,
Noun.
]
To occasion damage to the soundness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair.
He . . . came up to the English admiral and gave him a broadside, with which he killed many of his men and
damaged
the ship.
Clarendon.

Dam′age

(dăm′ā̍j)
,
Verb.
I.
To receive damage or harm; to be injured or impaired in soundness or value;
as, some colors in cloth
damage
in sunlight
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Damage

DAM'AGE

, n.[This word seems to be allied to the Greek, a fine or mulet.]
1.
Any hurt, injury or harm to one's estate; any loss of property sustained; any hinderance to the increase of property; or any obstruction to the success of an enterprise. A man suffers damage by the destruction of his corn, by the burning of his house, by the detention of a ship which defeats a profitable voyage, or by the failure of a profitable undertaking. Damage then is any actual loss, or the prevention of profit. It is usually and properly applied to property, but sometimes to reputation and other things which are valuable. But in the latter case, injury is more correctly used.
2.
The value of what is lost; the estimated equivalent for detriment or injury sustained; that which is given or adjudged to repair a loss. This is the legal signification of the word. It is the province of a jury to assess damages in trespass. In this sense, the word is generally used in the plural.

DAM'AGE

,
Verb.
T.
To hurt or harm; to injure; to impair; to lessen the soundness, goodness or value of. Rain may damage corn or hay; a storm may damage a ship; a house is often damaged by fire, when it is not destroyed; heavy rains damage roads.

DAM'AGE

,
Verb.
I.
To receive harm; to be injured or impaired in soundness, or value; as, green corn will damage in a mow or stack.

Definition 2022


damage

damage

English

Noun

damage (countable and uncountable, plural damages)

  1. Injury or harm; the condition or measure of something not being intact.
    The storm did a lot of damage to the area.
    • Francis Bacon
      Great errors and absurdities many commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great damage both of their fame and fortune.
  2. (slang) Cost or expense.
    "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter.

Translations

Verb

damage (third-person singular simple present damages, present participle damaging, simple past and past participle damaged)

  1. To impair the soundness, goodness, or value of; to harm or cause destruction.
    Be careful not to damage any of the fragile items while unpacking them.
    • 1774, Edward Long, The History of Jamaica. Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island, volume 2, book 2, chapter 7, 5:
      The building was erected in two years, at the parochial expence, on the foundation of the former one, which was irreparably damaged by the hurricane of Auguſt, 1712.
    • Clarendon
      He [] came up to the English admiral and gave him a broadside, with which he killed many of his men and damaged the ship.

Derived terms

Translations


Old French

Etymology

Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum.

Noun

damage m (oblique plural damages, nominative singular damages, nominative plural damage)

  1. damage
  2. injury, hurt, insult

Related terms

Descendants