Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


-ment

-ment

,
[F.
-ment
, L.
-mentum
.]
A suffix denoting
that which does
a thing;
an act
or
process
;
the result of an act
or
process
;
state
or
condition
;
as, ali
ment
, that which nourishes, orna
ment
, incre
ment
; frag
ment
, piece broken, seg
ment
; abridg
ment
, act of abridging, imprison
ment
, move
ment
, adjourn
ment
; amaze
ment
, state of being amazed, astonish
ment
.

Definition 2021


-ment

-ment

See also: ment

English

Alternative forms

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, the nouns having the sense of "the action or result of what is denoted by the verb".

Usage notes

Generally attached to stem without changes, except when the stem ends in -dge, where the -e is sometimes dropped, as in abridgment, acknowledgment, judgment, and lodgment, with the forms without -e being preferred in American English. Of these, judgment is the most significant, and usage varies globally; see Judgment: Spelling for discussion.

Synonyms

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:English_words_suffixed_with_-ment'>English words suffixed with -ment</a>

Catalan

Etymology 1

From Late Latin mente(m), accusative singular of mēns (mind).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmen/

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, from the feminine singular form of an adjective. compare English -wise, -ly.

Usage notes

The adverbs created with -ment have two stressed syllabes: the original of the adjective, and the one of the suffix. For example: ràpidament /ˈra.pi.ðə.ˈmen/ ("quickly").

Etymology 2

From Latin -mentum.

Suffix

-ment

  1. -ment; used to form nouns from verbs

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Catalan_words_suffixed_with_-ment'>Catalan words suffixed with -ment</a>

French

Etymology 1

From Old French -ment, from Late Latin mente(m), accusative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective), most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: rapidement

Etymology 2

From Old French -ment, from Latin -mentum, from PIE *-men- plus *-teh₂-.

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    Examples: parement, abandonnement, maniement

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:French_words_suffixed_with_-ment'>French words suffixed with -ment</a>

German

Suffix

-ment n

  1. -ment

Derived terms


Middle French

Etymology

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
  2. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.

Norman

Etymology

From Late Latin mentem, the accusative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix

-ment

  1. used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Norman_words_suffixed_with_-ment'>Norman words suffixed with -ment</a>

Occitan

Etymology

From Latin -mentum

Suffix

-ment

  1. -ment; suffix used to form nouns

Derived terms


Old French

Etymology 1

From Late Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: hastivement

Descendants

Etymology 2

Suffix

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    Example: bastissement

Descendants


Swedish

Suffix

-ment

  1. -ment; form nouns from verbs. See also -mang.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Swedish_words_suffixed_with_-ment'>Swedish words suffixed with -ment</a>