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Definition 2023


See also:

Translingual

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character

(radical 94 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 火口戈大 (FRIK), composition ⿰⿱𠮛)

  1. beast, animal
  2. bestial

References

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 719, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20714
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1130, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 1369, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7363

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji, shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
けだもの
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Literally "thing of hair". Compound of (ke, hair) + (da, genitive marker) + (mono, thing).[1][2] Medial -da- is a very rare genitive marker found in compounds, also seen in 果物 (kudamono, fruit).

Pronunciation

Noun

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana けだもの, romaji kedamono)

  1. an animal covered in fur, a beast
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 6 (back))
      ケタモノ

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
けもの
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Literally "hair thing". Compound of (ke, hair) + (mono, thing).[1][2]

Pronunciation

Noun

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana けもの, romaji kemono)

  1. an animal covered in fur, a beast
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
しし
Grade: S
Irregular

From (shishi, meat, flesh).[1][2]

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Noun

(hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. (archaic) a beast (used for its meat, such as a boar or a deer)
Idioms

Etymology 4

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: S
kan'yōon

/siu//ɕiu//d͡ʑiu//d͡ʑuː/

From Middle Chinese (syuwH, (wild) animal). Compare modern Mandarin reading shòu, Min Nan siù.

Pronunciation

Noun

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana じゅう, romaji , historical hiragana じう)

  1. beast
Derived terms
Idioms

References

  1. 1 2 3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 1 2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 978-4-7629-3099-7, published 1979.