Definify.com

Definition 2022


U+4E3B, 主
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E3B

[U+4E3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E3C]
See also: , , , and

Translingual

Stroke order
Japanese stroke order
Stroke order

Han character

(radical 3 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜土 (YG), four-corner 00104, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 80, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 163, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E3B

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*doːɡ, *tjos
*toʔ
*toʔ, *doʔ
*tos
*tos, *tjos
*tos
*tos
*tos, *dos
*doʔ
*doʔ
*tjoʔ
*tjoʔ
*tjoʔ
*tjoʔ, *tjos
*tjos
*tjos
*tjos
*tjos

Pictogram (象形)  : A picture of a lamp or a torch with a flame at the top.

Original form of . Current meaning acquired by sound loan.

Pronunciation 1



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕioX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*toʔ/
English master; host

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17618
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjoʔ/

Definitions

  1. owner; master
  2. host
  3. (Christianity, Islam) Lord
  4. emperor
  5. main; primary
       zhǔyào   main
  6. to be in charge of
  7. to indicate; to signify
  8. A surname.

Compounds

Pronunciation 2


Definitions

  1. Classifier for events.
  2. Alternative form of (zhù, “to pour into”).

Japanese

Kanji

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Adjectival noun

(-na inflection, hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. chief, main, principal, foremost

Inflection

Noun

(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. head of the family
  2. master, mistress
  3. one's husband
  4. proprietor, landlord

Synonyms

Noun

(hiragana ぬし, romaji nushi)

  1. master
  2. owner, proprietor
  3. guardian spirit

Korean

Hanja

(ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ju, McCune-Reischauer: chu)
  • Name (hangeul): 임금, 주인 (revised: imgeum, juin, McCune-Reischauer: imgǔm, chuin)
  1. king, master, host

compounds

References


Vietnamese

Han character

(chủ, chúa)

  1. Hán tự form of chủ, “owner
  2. Nôm form of chúa, “retired father of a king”
  3. Nôm form of Chúa, “God; Christ; Lord

Usage notes

Compounds

References