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Definition 2022


что

что

Russian

Conjunction

что (što) (invariable)

  1. that
    Я ду́маю, что он до́ма.Ja dúmaju, što on dóma. ― I think (that) he’s home.

Pronoun

что (što)

  1. (interrogative) what
    Что э́то?Što éto?What is this?
    Он не зна́ет, что э́то зна́чит.On ne znájet, što éto znáčit. ― He doesn’t know what this means.
  2. (nonstandard, relative) that, which
    Кни́га, что на столе́.Kníga, što na stolé. ― The book that is on the table.

Declension

Usage notes

  • In informal speech, the genitive form чего́ (čevó) often replaces the accusative and sometimes the nominative.

Synonyms

  • чё (čo) or чо (čo) (interrogative pronoun only, non-standard, highly colloquial but common, not used in writing)
    Ну чё, пошли́ что́ ли?Nu čó, pošlí štó li? ― Well, let's go!
    Чё он хо́чет от меня́?Čó on xóčet ot menjá? ― What (the ****) does he want from me?
  • шо (šo) (same as above, used in the South of European Russia or by Russian speakers in Ukraine)
  • кото́рый (kotóryj) (standard relative pronoun)

Related terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Russian_terms_derived_from_the_PIE_root_*k%CA%B7e-'>Russian terms derived from the PIE root *kʷe-</a>‎ (0 c, 12 e)
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%B3%D0%B4%D0%B5'>где</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B6%D0%B4%D1%8B%D0%B9'>каждый</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BA'>как</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9'>какой</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B4%D0%B0'>когда</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9'>кой</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%8B%D0%B9'>который</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D1%82%D0%BE'>кто</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%B0'>куда</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BA%D0%BE'>сколько</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%B9'>чей</a>
  <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs0 CategoryTreeLabelPage' href='/wiki/%D1%87%D1%82%D0%BE'>что</a>

Derived terms

Pronouns (declined as nouns)

Pronouns (indeclinable)

Adverbs and Interjections

Conjunctions

Verbs