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Definition 2021


лес

лес

See also: лёс and Appendix:Variations of "les"

Belarusian

Noun

лес (les) m

  1. forest, woods

Bulgarian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɛs/

Noun

лес (les) m

  1. A large and centuries-old forest.

Inflection

Synonyms


Russian

Etymology

From Old East Slavic лѣсъ (lěsŭ), from Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [lʲes]

Noun

лес (les) m inan (genitive ле́са, nominative plural леса́, genitive plural лесо́в)

  1. forest, woods
    леса́lesáwoodland, forests
    де́вственный лесdévstvennyj lesvirgin forest, primeval forest
    заповедный лес (zapovednyj les) means:
    заповедникzapovednikprotection forest
    (poetic) тайный лес, священный лес, божий лесtajnyj les, svjaščennyj les, božij lessacred forest, a forest that nobody may enter
    корабе́льный лесkorabélʹnyj lesship timber
    ли́ственный лесlístvennyj les ― leaf-bearing forest
    сме́шанный лесsméšannyj lesmixed forest
    тропи́ческий лесtropíčeskij lesrainforest
    хво́йный лесxvójnyj lesconiferous forest
    чаща лесаčašča lesathicket, the depths of forest
    шум лесаšum lesamurmur of the forest
    как в лесу́ (saying)kak v lesú ― at sea, lost, disoriented
    кто в лес, кто по дрова (proverb)kto v les, kto po drova ― (to be) at sixes and sevens (literally: some go to the forest, some go for firewood)
    лес рубят — щепки летят (proverb)les rubjat — ščepki letjat ― you can’t make an omelette without breaking eggs (literally: when cutting trees, chips fly)
    (для него́) э́то тёмный лес (saying)
    (dlja nevó) éto tjómnyj les
    (figuratively) it is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally: this is the dark forest for him)
    (для него́) э́то дремучий лес (saying)
    (dlja nevó) éto dremučij les
    (figuratively) it is all Greek (to him), (he is) completely in the dark about it (literally: this is the dark forest for him)
    в лесу́ люди лесеют, а в людях людеют (proverb)
    v lesú ljudi lesejut, a v ljudjax ljudejut
    literally: in the forest people become wild, and become people among people
    чей лес, того и пень (proverb)
    čej les, tovo i penʹ
    literally: the man who owns a forest, also owns a stump
    Бог и ле́су не сравня́л (saying)
    Bog i lésu ne sravnjál
    literally: God doesn’t even make the forest equal (people are not equal)
  2. (only singular) lumber, timber
    ле́с в плота́хlés v plotáxtimber float
    ле́с на корню́lés na kornjústanding timber
  3. (only plural) леса́ scaffolding, scaffold trestle, falsework
    леса́lesáscaffolding, scaffold trestle
  4. (figuratively) much, many, a lot of smth. (especially high, eminent)
    лес рукles ruk ― a forest of hands (in school if nobody wants to answer the teacher’s question, it's used sarcastically, when nobody actually raises a hand, there is no "forest of hands", not a single "tree", i.e. hand)
    лес мачтles mačt ― a large number of ships
    лес штыко́вles štykóvforest of bayonets

Declension

Hyponyms

Meronyms

Related terms

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lêːs/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Alternative forms

Noun

ле̑с m (Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. coffin
  2. (regionally) lumber
  3. (regionally) forest, woods
Declension

Etymology 2

From German Löss.

Noun

ле̑с m (Latin spelling lȇs)

  1. (geology) loess