Definition 2024



Ancient Greek

Alternative forms

  • φυίω (phuíō) (Aeolic)


φύω (phúō) future: φύσω/φυήσω aorist: ἔφυσα/ἔφυν perfect active: πέφυκα

  1. (transitive) To bring forth, produce, generate, cause to grow
  2. (transitive) To beget, bear, give birth to
  3. (intransitive) To grow, arise, spring up
  4. (intransitive, present tense) to become [+adjective]
  5. (intransitive, aorist and perfect)
  6. (copulative) To be by nature [+adjective]
  7. (intransitive) To be naturally disposed to, prone [+infinitive = to do]
  8. (impersonal) It is natural, happens naturally [+infinitive = that ...]
  9. to be one's natural lot [+dative = someone's]


  • Present active, future active, and 1st aorist active are transitive; others are intransitive.

Derived terms

Related terms


  • φύω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • φύω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • φύω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «φύω» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • φύω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G5453”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • BDAG