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Definition 2022


πτῶσις

πτῶσις

Ancient Greek

Noun

πτῶσῐς (ptôsis) f (genitive πτώσεως); third declension

  1. falling, a fall
    • 380 BCE, Plato, The Republic 604.c
      ὥσπερ ἐν πτώσει κύβων
      as it were in the fall of the dice
  2. (grammar) case
  3. (grammar) inflection
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Poetics 1457.a.18
      τὸ γὰρ ἐβάδισεν; ἢ βάδιζε πτῶσις ῥήματος κατὰ ταῦτα τὰ εἴδη ἐστίν.
      "Walked" and "Walk!" are verbal conjugations of this kind.
  4. arrangement of terms in a syllogism

Inflection

Related terms

Hyponyms

  • εὐθεῖᾰ (eutheîa)
  • κλητῐκή (klētikḗ)
  • ὀνομαστῐκή (onomastikḗ)
  • πατρῐκή (patrikḗ)
  • προσᾰγορευτῐκόν (prosagoreutikón)

Descendants

References