Definition 2023



See also: vor, VOR, and vör




  1. pre- (denotes primarily that something is before or in front of another thing or higher in a hierarchy)

Derived terms

  • <a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:German_words_prefixed_with_vor-'>German words prefixed with vor-</a>

Middle Low German

Alternative forms


Either from Old Saxon far-, fura- or fur-, from Proto-Germanic *fra-. Cognate with Dutch ver-, German ver-, and Middle English fore-/for-. Used in the same way as Dutch er- and German er-


  • IPA(key): /fɔr/, /fœr/
  • Modern Low German knows the forms /fɔr/ and /fœr/. Since both of these would normally be spelled ⟨vor-⟩, depending on time and region, it cannot be told from the records which one was thought of as the Middle Low German supraregional standard, nor whether the two pronunciations were associated with different meanings.


vor- or vör-

  1. modyfying verb-prefix, denoting amongst other things intent towards something or intensification
    vorspreken (to promise) from spreken (to speak), vorgeven (to forgive)
  2. denotes an action with a negative result such as destruction, loss or spoilage
    vordarven (to rot), vorlysen (to lose)
  3. denotes an action flawed with a mistake
    vorscriven (to make a mistake in writing) to scriven (to write)