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Definition 2021


er-

er-

See also: Appendix:Variations of "er"

Dutch

Prefix

er-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates the cause or beginning of an action.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Dutch_words_prefixed_with_er-'>Dutch words prefixed with er-</a>

German

Etymology

From Old High German ir-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛɐ̯/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ɛ/, /ɐ/ (common speech)

Prefix

er-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates a successful conclusion, leads to the wanted result.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates killing or dying.
    er- + drücken 'to push, squeeze' -> erdrücken 'to squeeze dead'
    er- + frieren 'to freeze' -> erfrieren 'to freeze to death'
  3. Prefix signifying a notion of getting something (either by conscious effort or (rarely) producing the effect of coming to have it unintentionally) by specific means.
    er- + arbeiten 'to work' -> erarbeiten 'to gain something by means of working for it'

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:German_words_prefixed_with_er-'>German words prefixed with er-</a>

Swedish

Etymology

From German er-, from Old High German ir-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-.

Prefix

er-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates an emphasizing meaning

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Swedish_words_prefixed_with_er-'>Swedish words prefixed with er-</a>