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Webster 1913 Edition


Tax

Tax

,
Noun.
[F.
taxe
, fr.
taxer
to tax, L.
taxare
to touch, sharply, to feel, handle, to censure, value, estimate, fr.
tangere
,
tactum
, to touch. See
Tangent
, and cf.
Task
,
Taste
.]
1.
A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority.
Specifically: –
(a)
A charge or burden laid upon persons or property for the support of a government.
A farmer of
taxes
is, of all creditors, proverbially the most rapacious.
Macaulay.
(b)
Especially, the sum laid upon specific things, as upon polls, lands, houses, income, etc.;
as, a land
tax
; a window
tax
; a
tax
on carriages, and the like
.
Taxes are
annual
or
perpetual
,
direct
or
indirect
, etc.
(c)
A sum imposed or levied upon the members of a society to defray its expenses.
2.
A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
3.
A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge;
as, a heavy
tax
on time or health
.
4.
Charge; censure.
[Obs.]
Clarendon.
5.
A lesson to be learned; a task.
[Obs.]
Johnson.
Tax cart
,
a spring cart subject to a low tax.
[Eng.]
Syn. – Impost; tribute; contribution; duty; toll; rate; assessment; exaction; custom; demand.

Tax

(tăks)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Taxed
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Taxing
.]
[Cf. F.
taxer
. See
Tax
,
Noun.
]
1.
To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of government.
We are more heavily
taxed
by our idleness, pride, and folly than we are
taxed
by government.
Franklin.
2.
(Law)
To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of;
as, to
tax
the cost of an action in court
.
3.
To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; – often followed by with, rarely by of before an indirect object;
as, to
tax
a man with pride
.
I
tax
you, you elements, with unkindness.
Shakespeare
Men’s virtues I have commended as freely as I have
taxed
their crimes.
Dryden.
Fear not now that men should
tax
thine honor.
M. Arnold.

Webster 1828 Edition


Tax

TAX

,
Noun.
[L. taxo, to tax.]
1.
A rate or sum of money assessed on the person or property of a citizen by government, for the use of the nation or state. Taxes, in free governments, are usually laid upon the property of citizens according to their income, or the value of their estates. Tax is a term of general import, including almost every species of imposition on persons or property for supplying the public treasury, as tolls, tribute, subsidy, excise, impost, or customs. But more generally, tax is limited to the sum laid upon polls, lands, houses, horses, cattle, professions and occupations. So we speak of a land tax, a window tax, a tax on carriages, &c. Taxes are annual or perpetual.
2.
A sum imposed on the persons and property of citizens to defray the expenses of a corporation, society, parish or company; as a city tax, a county tax, a parish tax, and the like. So a private association may lay a tax on its members for the use of the association.
3.
That which is imposed; a burden. The attention that he gives to public business is a heavy tax on his time.
4.
Charge; censure.
5.
Task.

TAX

,
Verb.
T.
[L. taxo.]
1.
To law, impose or assess upon citizens a certain sum of money or amount of property, to be paid to the public treasury, or to the treasury of a corporation or company, to defray the expenses of the government or corporation, &c.
We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride and folly, than we are taxed by government.
2.
To load with a burden or burdens.
The narrator--never taxes our faith beyond the obvious bounds of probability.
3.
To assess, fix or determine judicially, as the amount of cost on actions in court; as, the court taxes bills of cost.
4.
To charge; to censure; to accuse; usually followed by with; as, to tax a man with pride. He was taxed with presumption.
Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes.
[To tax of a crime, is not in use, nor to tax for. Both are now improper.]

Definition 2023


tax

tax

See also: tax-

English

Noun

tax (countable and uncountable, plural taxes)

  1. Money paid to the government other than for transaction-specific goods and services.
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 23, page 19:
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. []  Essential public services are cut so that the rich may pay less tax. The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra-wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.
  2. A burdensome demand.
    a heavy tax on time or health
  3. A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
  4. (obsolete) charge; censure
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Clarendon to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete) A lesson to be learned.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • (money paid to government): subsidy

Hyponyms

Coordinate terms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

tax (third-person singular simple present taxes, present participle taxing, simple past and past participle taxed)

  1. (transitive) To impose and collect a tax from (a person).
    Some think to tax the wealthy is the fairest.
  2. (transitive) To impose and collect a tax on (something).
    Some think to tax wealth is destructive of a private sector.
  3. (transitive) To make excessive demands on.
    • Do not tax my patience.
    • 2007, January 16, “IBM”, in IBM - Reinventing the invention system - United States:
      But patent applications are increasingly accompanied by volumes and volumes of data on DVD, which taxes the resources of the patent office.

Derived terms

Translations


Latin

Alternative forms

Noun

tax m

  1. an onomatopoeia expressing the sound of blows, whack, crack

References


Lojban

Rafsi

tax

  1. rafsi of tanxe.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

tax c

  1. a dachshund (dog breed)

Declension

Inflection of tax 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tax taxen taxar taxarna
Genitive tax taxens taxars taxarnas