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Webster 1913 Edition


Sullen

Sul′len

,
Adj.
[OE.
solein
,
solain
, lonely, sullen; through Old French fr. (assumed) LL.
solanus
solitary, fr. L.
solus
alone. See
Sole
,
Adj.
]
1.
Lonely; solitary; desolate.
[Obs.]
Wyclif (Job iii. 14).
2.
Gloomy; dismal; foreboding.
Milton.
Solemn hymns so
sullen
dirges change.
Shakespeare
3.
Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious.
Such
sullen
planets at my birth did shine.
Dryden.
4.
Gloomily angry and silent; cross; sour; affected with ill humor; morose.
And
sullen
I forsook the imperfect feast.
Prior.
5.
Obstinate; intractable.
Things are as
sullen
as we are.
Tillotson.
6.
Heavy; dull; sluggish.
“The larger stream was placid, and even sullen, in its course.”
Sir W. Scott.
Syn. – Sulky; sour; cross; ill-natured; morose; peevish; fretful; ill-humored; petulant; gloomy; malign; intractable.
Sullen
,
Sulky
. Both sullen and sulky show themselves in the demeanor. Sullenness seems to be an habitual sulkiness, and sulkiness a temporary sullenness. The former may be an innate disposition; the latter, a disposition occasioned by recent injury. Thus we are in a sullen mood, and in a sulky fit.
No cheerful breeze this
sullen
region knows;
The dreaded east is all the wind that blows.
Pope.
Sul′len-ly
,
adv.
Sul′len-ness
,
Noun.

Sul′len

,
Noun.
1.
One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit.
[Obs.]
Piers Plowman.
2.
pl.
Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness;
as, to have the
sullens
.
[Obs.]
Shak.

Sul′len

,
Verb.
T.
To make sullen or sluggish.
[Obs.]
Sullens
the whole body with . . . laziness.
Feltham.

Webster 1828 Edition


Sullen

SUL'LEN

,
Adj.
[perhaps set, fixed, and allied to silent, sill, &c.]
1.
Gloomily angry and silent; cross; sour; affected with ill humor.
And sullen I forsook th' imperfect feast.
2.
Mischievous; malignant.
Such sullen planets at my birth did shine.
3.
Obstinate; intractable.
Things are as sullen as we are.
4.
Gloomy; dark; dismal.
Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth?
Night with her sullen wings.
No cheerful breeze this sullen region knows.
5.
Heavy; dull; sorrowful.
Be thou the trumpet of our wrath,
And sullen presage of your own decay.

Definition 2021


sullen

sullen

English

Adjective

sullen (comparative sullener, superlative sullenest)

  1. Having a brooding ill temper; sulky.
    • Prior
      And sullen I forsook the imperfect feast.
  2. Gloomy; dismal; foreboding.
    • 1593, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet, IV. v. 88:
      Our solemn hymns to sullen dirges change;
    • 1671, John Milton, Paradise Regained, Book 1, line 500:
      He added not; and Satan bowing low His gray dissimulation, disappear'd Into thin Air diffus'd: for now began Night with her sullen wing to double-shade The Desert; Fowls in thir clay nests were couch't; And now wild Beasts came forth the woods to roam.
  3. Sluggish; slow.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      The larger stream was placid, and even sullen, in its course.
  4. (obsolete) Lonely; solitary; desolate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif Bible (Job iii. 14) to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete) Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious.
    • Dryden
      Such sullen planets at my birth did shine.
  6. (obsolete) Obstinate; intractable.
    • Tillotson
      Things are as sullen as we are.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

Noun

sullen (plural sullens)

  1. (obsolete) One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
  2. Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness.
    to have the sullens

Middle Dutch

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Dutch skulan, sulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną.

Verb

sullen

  1. (auxiliary) must, to have to
  2. (auxiliary, negated) may, be allowed to
  3. (auxiliary) will, shall, be going to (future tense)
  4. (auxiliary, in the past tense) to be about to (inchoative)
  5. (modal auxiliary) indicates a possible or hypothetical situation
  6. (modal auxiliary) indicates information garnered from a third party that may or may not be reliable

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants


Northern Sami

Verb

sullen

  1. first-person singular past indicative of suollit