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Webster 1913 Edition


Random

Ran′dom

(răn′dŭm)
,
Noun.
[OE.
randon
, OF.
randon
force, violence, rapidity, à
randon
, de
randon
, violently, suddenly, rapidly, prob. of German origin; cf. G.
rand
edge, border, OHG.
rant
shield, edge of a shield, akin to E.
rand
, n. See
Rand
,
Noun.
]
1.
Force; violence.
[Obs.]
For courageously the two kings newly fought with great
random
and force.
E. Hall.
2.
A roving motion; course without definite direction; want of direction, rule, or method; hazard; chance; – commonly used in the phrase at random, that is, without a settled point of direction; at hazard.
Counsels, when they fly
At random
, sometimes hit most happily.
Herrick.
O, many a shaft,
at random
sent,
Finds mark the archer little meant!
Sir W. Scott.
3.
Distance to which a missile is cast; range; reach;
as, the
random
of a rifle ball
.
Sir K. Digby.
4.
(Mining)
The direction of a rake-vein.
Raymond.

Ran′dom

,
Adj.
1.
Going at random or by chance; done or made at hazard, or without settled direction, aim, or purpose; hazarded without previous calculation; left to chance; haphazard;
as, a
random
guess
.
Some
random
truths he can impart.
Wordsworth.
So sharp a spur to the lazy, and so strong a bridle to the
random
.
H. Spencer.
at random
in a manner so that all possible results have an equal probability of occurrence; for processes, each possible result is counted separately although the same type of result may occur more than once .
Random courses
(Masonry)
,
courses of stone of unequal thickness.
Random shot
,
a shot not directed or aimed toward any particular object, or a shot with the muzzle of the gun much elevated.
Random work
(Masonry)
,
stonework consisting of stones of unequal sizes fitted together, but not in courses nor always with flat beds.

Webster 1828 Edition


Random

RAN'DOM

, n.
1.
A roving motion or course without direction; hence, want of direction, rule or method; hazard; chance; used in the phrase, at random, that is, without a settled point of direction; at hazard.
2.
Course; motion; progression; distance of a body thrown; as the furthest random of a missile weapon.

RAN'DOM

, a.
1.
Done at hazard or without settled aim or purpose; left to chance; as a random blow.
2.
Uttered or done without previous calculation; as a random guess.

Definition 2022


random

random

English

Noun

random (plural randoms)

  1. A roving motion; course without definite direction; lack of rule or method; chance.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Robert Herrick
      Counsels, when they fly / At random, sometimes hit most happily.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Sir Walter Scott
      O, many a shaft, at random sent, / Finds mark the archer little meant!
  2. (obsolete) Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force. [14th-17thc.]
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter x, in Le Morte Darthur, book I:
      they were messagers vnto kyng Ban & Bors sent from kynge Arthur / therfor said the viij knyghtes ye shalle dye or be prysoners / for we ben knyghtes of kyng Claudas And therwith two of them dressid theire sperys / and Vlfyus and Brastias dressid theire speres and ranne to gyder with grete raundon
    • (Can we date this quote?) Edward Hall
      For courageously the two kings newly fought with great random and force.
  3. (obsolete) The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range. [16th-19thc.]
    • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, page 144:
      Fortie yards will they shoot levell, or very neare the marke, and 120 is their best at Random.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir K. Digby to this entry?)
  4. (figuratively, colloquial) An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence. [from 20thc.]
    The party was boring. It was full of randoms.
  5. (figuratively, colloquial, chiefly video games) Someone who is not good.
    I keep losing because of randoms on my team.
  6. (mining) The direction of a rake-vein.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)

Synonyms

Translations

Adjective

random (comparative more random, superlative most random)

  1. Having unpredictable outcomes and, in the ideal case, all outcomes equally probable; resulting from such selection; lacking statistical correlation.
    The flip of a fair coin is purely random.
    The newspaper conducted a random sample of five hundred American teenagers.
    The results of the field survey look random by several different measures.
    • July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises
      Where the Joker preys on our fears of random, irrational acts of terror, Bane has an all-consuming, dictatorial agenda that’s more stable and permanent, a New World Order that’s been planned out with the precision of a military coup.
  2. (mathematics) Of or relating to probability distribution.
    A toss of loaded dice is still random, though biased.
  3. (computing) Pseudorandom; mimicking the result of random selection.
    The rand function generates a random number from a seed.
  4. (somewhat colloquial) Representative and undistinguished; typical and average; selected for no particular reason.
    A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.
  5. (somewhat colloquial) Apropos of nothing; lacking context; unexpected; having apparent lack of plan, cause, or reason.
    That was a completely random comment.
    The teacher's bartending story was interesting, but random.
    The narrative takes a random course.
  6. (colloquial) Characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequiturs.
    You're so random!

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Anagrams


Hungarian

Etymology

From English random.[1]

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɒndom]
  • Hyphenation: ran‧dom

Adjective

random (not comparable)

  1. random

Declension

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative random randomok
accusative randomot randomokat
dative randomnak randomoknak
instrumental randommal randomokkal
causal-final randomért randomokért
translative randommá randomokká
terminative randomig randomokig
essive-formal randomként randomokként
essive-modal
inessive randomban randomokban
superessive randomon randomokon
adessive randomnál randomoknál
illative randomba randomokba
sublative randomra randomokra
allative randomhoz randomokhoz
elative randomból randomokból
delative randomról randomokról
ablative randomtól randomoktól

Synonyms

References

  1. Tótfalusi István, Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára. Tinta Könyvkiadó, Budapest, 2005, ISBN 963 7094 20 2