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Webster 1913 Edition


Miser

Mi′ser

(mī′zẽr)
,
Noun.
[L.
miser
wretched, miserable; cf. Gr.
μῖσοσ
hate,
μισεῖν
to hate: cf. It. & Sp.
misero
wretched, avaricious.]
1.
A wretched person; a person afflicted by any great misfortune.
[Obs.]
Spenser.
The woeful words of a
miser
now despairing.
Sir P. Sidney.
2.
A despicable person; a wretch.
[Obs.]
Shak.
3.
A covetous, grasping, mean person; esp., one having wealth, who lives miserably for the sake of saving and increasing his hoard.
As some lone
miser
, visiting his store,
Bends at his treasure, counts, recounts it o’er.
Goldsmith.
5.
A kind of large earth auger.
Knight.

Webster 1828 Edition


Miser

MI'SER

,
Noun.
s as z. [L. miser, miserable.] A miserable person; one wretched or afflicted.
1.
A wretch; a mean fellow.
2.
An extremely covetous person; a sordid wretch; a niggard; one who in wealth makes himself miserable by the fear of poverty. [This is the only sense in which it is now used.]
No silver saints by dying misers given.

Definition 2022


miser

miser

See also: misër

English

Noun

miser (plural misers)

  1. (pejorative) A person who hoards money rather than spending it; one who is cheap or extremely parsimonious.
    Ebenezer Scrooge was a stereotypical miser, he spent nothing he could save; neither giving to charity nor enjoying his wealth.

Synonyms

Antonyms

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See also

Anagrams


French

Verb

miser

  1. (gambling) to bet (place a bet)

Conjugation

Anagrams


Latin

Etymology

Of unknown origin. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *mēwdʰ- (to complain, be emotional about), the same root of Latin maereō and Ancient Greek μῖσος (mîsos, hatred).

Pronunciation

Adjective

miser m (feminine misera, neuter miserum); first/second declension

  1. poor, wretched, pitiful
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Aeneid, Book I
      non ignara mali miseris succurrere disco
      being not unacquainted with woe, I learn to help the unfortunate
  2. miserable, unhappy
  3. worthless, null
  4. tragic, unfortunate
  5. sick
  6. tormenting

Inflection

First/second declension, nominative masculine singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera
genitive miserī miserae miserī miserōrum miserārum miserōrum
dative miserō miserō miserīs
accusative miserum miseram miserum miserōs miserās misera
ablative miserō miserā miserō miserīs
vocative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera

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References