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Webster 1913 Edition


Hemp

Hemp

(hĕmp)
,
Noun.
[OE.
hemp
, AS.
henep
,
hænep
; akin to D.
hennep
, OHG.
hanaf
, G.
hanf
, Icel.
hampr
, Dan.
hamp
, Sw.
hampa
, L.
cannabis
,
cannabum
, Gr.
κάνναβις
,
κάνναβος
; cf. Russ.
konoplia
, Skr.
çaṇa
; all prob. borrowed from some other language at an early time. Cf.
Cannabine
,
Canvas
.]
1.
(Bot.)
A plant of the genus
Cannabis
(
Cannabis sativa
), the fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants yielding fiber.
2.
The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning. The name has also been extended to various fibers resembling the true hemp.
African hemp
,
Bowstring hemp
.
See under
African
, and
Bowstring
.
Bastard hemp
,
the Asiatic herb
Datisca cannabina
.
Canada hemp
,
a species of dogbane (
Apocynum cannabinum
), the fiber of which was used by the Indians.
Hemp agrimony
,
a coarse, composite herb of Europe (
Eupatorium cannabinum
), much like the American boneset.
Hemp nettle
,
a plant of the genus
Galeopsis
(
Galeopsis Tetrahit
), belonging to the Mint family.
Indian hemp
.
See under
Indian
,
Adj.
Manila hemp
,
the fiber of
Musa textilis
.
Sisal hemp
,
the fiber of
Agave sisalana
, of Mexico and Yucatan.
Sunn hemp
,
a fiber obtained from a leguminous plant (
Crotalaria juncea
).
Water hemp
,
an annual American weed (
Acnida cannabina
), related to the amaranth.

Webster 1828 Edition


Hemp

HEMP

,
Noun.
[L. cannabis.]
1.
A fibrous plant constituting the genus Cannabis, whose skin or bark is used for cloth and cordage. Hence canvas,the coarse strong cloth used for sails.
2.
The skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning. Large quantities of hemp are exported from Russia.

Definition 2023


hemp

hemp

English

Noun

hemp (plural hemps)

  1. A tall annual herb, Cannabis sativa, native to Asia.
  2. Various products of this plant, including fibres and the drug cannabis.

Translations

Related terms

References

  1. Michael Witzel, "Substrate Languages in Old Indo-Aryan (R̥gvedic, Middle and Late Vedic)", Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies (EJVS) 5-1 (1999), 30.
  2. Martin Schwartz, "Avestan Terms for the Sauma Plant", Haoma and Harmaline (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989), 123.

Anagrams


Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch hemd (shirt), from Middle Dutch hemde, hemede, from Old Dutch *hemithi, from Proto-Germanic *hamiþiją. Cognate with German Hemd, Yiddish העמד (hemd).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɛmp/

Noun

hemp (plural hemde, diminutive hempie)

  1. shirt

Usage notes

The plural is irregular (hemde, not *hempe) due to retention of the original Dutch -d.

Derived terms