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Definition 2022


familia

familia

See also: família

Translingual

Noun

familia

  1. (taxonomy) A rank in a taxonomic classification, above both genus and species.
  2. (taxonomy) A taxon at this rank.

Asturian

Etymology

Borrowing from Latin familia.

Noun

familia f (plural families)

  1. family

Esperanto

Etymology

familio + -a (suffix indicating an adjective).

Adjective

familia (accusative singular familian, plural familiaj, accusative plural familiajn)

  1. familial; family (attributively)

Galician

Etymology

Borrowing from Latin familia.

Noun

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family

Interlingua

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /faˈmi.lja/

Noun

familia (plural familias)

  1. family

Ladin

Noun

familia f (plural families)

  1. family

Latin

Etymology

For *famulia, from famulus (with i < u due to l-exilis, i.e. l before i).

Pronunciation

Noun

familia f (genitive familiae); first declension

  1. (clarification of this Latin definition is being sought) family (various senses)
  2. household

Inflection

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative familia familiae
genitive familiae familiārum
dative familiae familiīs
accusative familiam familiās
ablative familiā familiīs
vocative familia familiae

The older genitive singular familiās is preserved in the term pater familiās and also occurs after filius, mater, and filia.

Usage notes

  • According to Richard Saller, "[f]amilia was never used to mean 'father, mother and children' in our sense of [']family' today. It did have a technical, legal usage akin to 'family', but in common parlance most often meant 'slave staff', exclusive of the master's family.... The usual word for 'family' in the classical period was domus, which carried the general sense of 'household' including domestic slaves." Saller, Richard, Slavery and the Roman Family, in Finley, Moses I., ed., Classical Slavery (London: Frank Cass, cloth 1987 & 2000 (same ed.), reprinted 1999 (ISBN 0-7146-3320-8)), p. 84.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

References

  • familia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • familia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • FAMILIA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “familia”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a sect, school of thought: schola, disciplina, familia; secta
    • a theatrical company: familia, grex, caterva histrionum
    • a band, troupe of gladiators under the management of a lanista: familia gladiatoria (Sest. 64. 134)
  • familia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • familia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese

Noun

familia f (plural familias)

  1. Obsolete spelling of família

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [faˈmi.li.a]

Noun

familia f

  1. definite singular nominative and accusative form of familie.

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowing from Latin familia.

Noun

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family (nuclear family)
  2. family (grouping of things possessing common characteristics)

Related terms


Swahili

Etymology

From Latin familia.

Noun

familia (n class, plural familia)

  1. family
  2. (taxonomy) family