For *famulia, from famulus (with i < u due to l-exilis, i.e. l before i).
familia f (genitive familiae); first declension
- (clarification of this Latin definition is being sought) family (various senses)
The older genitive singular familiās is preserved in the term pater familiās and also occurs after filius, mater, and filia.
- According to Richard Saller, "[f]amilia was never used to mean 'father, mother and children' in our sense of [']family' today. It did have a technical, legal usage akin to 'family', but in common parlance most often meant 'slave staff', exclusive of the master's family.... The usual word for 'family' in the classical period was domus, which carried the general sense of 'household' including domestic slaves." Saller, Richard, Slavery and the Roman Family, in Finley, Moses I., ed., Classical Slavery (London: Frank Cass, cloth 1987 & 2000 (same ed.), reprinted 1999 (ISBN 0-7146-3320-8)), p. 84.
- familia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- familia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- FAMILIA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), “familia”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- a sect, school of thought: schola, disciplina, familia; secta
- a theatrical company: familia, grex, caterva histrionum
- a band, troupe of gladiators under the management of a lanista: familia gladiatoria (Sest. 64. 134)
- familia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- familia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
Borrowing from Latin familia.
familia f (plural familias)
- family (nuclear family)
- family (grouping of things possessing common characteristics)