amber (countable and uncountable, plural ambers)
- (obsolete) Ambergris, the waxy product of the sperm whale. [14th-18th c.]
- 1526, The Grete Herball:
- Ambre is hote and drye […] Some say that it is the sparme of a whale.
- 1579, The Booke of Simples, fol. 56 (contained in Bulleins Bulwarke of Defence against all Sicknesse, Soarnesse, and Woundes):
- As for Amber Grice, or Amber Cane, which ist most sweet myngled with other sweete thynges: some say it commeth from the rocks of the Sea. […] Some say it is gotten by a fish called Azelum, which feedeth upon Amber Grece, and dyeth, which is taken by cunnyng fishers and the belly opened, and this precious Amber found in hym.
- 1600, John Pory (translator), A Geographical Historie of Africa (original by Leo Africanus), page 344:
- The head of this fish is as hard as stone. The inhabitants of the Ocean sea coast affirme that this fish casteth foorth Amber; but whether the said Amber be the sperma or the excrement thereof, they cannot well determine.
- 1717, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, letter, 18 Apr 1717:
- Slaves […] with silver Censors […] perfum'd the air with Amber, Aloes wood, and other Scents.
- A hard, generally yellow to brown translucent fossil resin, used for jewellery. One variety, blue amber, appears blue rather than yellow under direct sunlight. [from 15th c.]
- 1594 — Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Act IV, Scene III:
- With scarfs and fans and double change of bravery,
- With amber bracelets, beads, and all this knavery.
- 1594 — Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act II, Scene II:
- Slanders, sir: for the satirical rogue says here that old men have grey beards, that their faces are wrinkled, their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum and that they have a plentiful lack of wit.
- 1637, Monro, his expedition with the Worthy Scots Regiment (called Mac-Keys Regiment), republished in 1999 (ISBN 0275962679), page 102:
- To shew this by example, we reade of Sabina Poppcea, to whom nothing was wanting , but shame and honestie, being extremely beloved of Nero, had the colour of her haire yellow, like Amber, which Nero esteemed much of, […] .
2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128:
- Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are […] . (Common gem materials not addressed in this article include amber, amethyst, chalcedony, garnet, lazurite, malachite, opals, peridot, rhodonite, spinel, tourmaline, turquoise and zircon.)
- A brownish yellow colour.
- (Britain) The intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights, which when illuminated indicates that drivers should stop short of the intersection if it is safe to do so.
- 1974, Traffic Planning and Engineering, page 366:
- While earlier controllers provided concurrent ambers, present practice is to indicate a minimum intergreen period of 4 s.
- 2000, in the Journal of Traffic Engineering & Control, volume 41, page 201:
- Also flashing ambers are not operational at this type of crossing.
- 2004 January 14, "AZGuy" (username), "Turn Signal Research shows amber no more effective then red", in rec.autos.driving, Usenet:
- >Problem: Red-red signals are too time consuming when traffic density is higher.
- I don't find them time consuming at all. I find them identical to ambers.
- (biology, genetics, biochemistry) The stop codon (nucleotide triplet) "UAG", or a mutant which has this stop codon at a premature place in its DNA sequence.
- an amber codon, an amber mutation, an amber suppressor
- 2007, Molecular Genetics of Bacteria, edition 3, page 333:
- For example, to cross a temperature-sensitive mutation with an amber mutation, amber suppressor cells are infected at the low (permissive) temperature.
- 2007, Jonathan C. Kuhn, Detection of Salmonella by Bacteriophage Felix 01, in Salmonella: Methods and Protocols, pages 27–28:
- Double ambers revert at 10-8-10-9, and therefore, reversion is negligible. Double-amber mutants are made by crossing single-amber mutants with each other.
- (intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights): yellow (US)
- (obsolete: the waxy product of the sperm whale): ambergris
- (intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights): red, green
- Kumyk: кагьраба (kahraba)
- Kyrgyz: янтарь (ky) (yantarʹ)
- Lao: ອຳພັນ ('am phan)
- Latgalian: dzyntars m
- Latin: succinum n, glaesum n, electrum n
- Latvian: dzintars (lv) m
- Limburgish: barnsjtèè
- Lithuanian: gintaras (lt) m
- Macedonian: килибар m (kilibar), јантар m (jantar)
- Malay: anbar, ambar
- Maltese: għanbar m
- Maori: tahetoka, tarawai totoka
- Middle Persian: khlpʾd (kah-rubāy)
- Middle Welsh: gwefr
- Mongolian: хув (mn) (huv)
- Navajo: tséjééʼ
- Norwegian: rav (no) n
- Persian: کهربا (fa) (kahrobâ)
- Polish: bursztyn (pl) m, jantar (pl) m (obsolete)
- Portuguese: âmbar (pt) m, alambre (pt) m
- Romanian: chihlimbar (ro) n, ambră (ro) f
- Russian: янта́рь (ru) m (jantárʹ)
- Cyrillic: јантар m
- Roman: jantar (sh) m
- Slovak: jantár m
- Slovene: jántar (sl) m inan
- Lower Sorbian: jantaŕ m
- Spanish: ámbar (es) m
- Swedish: bärnsten (sv) c
- Tagalog: ambar (tl)
- Tajik: каҳрабо (kahrabo)
- Thai: อำพัน (am pan)
- Turkish: kehribar (tr), kılkapan (tr), sapankapan
- Turkmen: ýantar
- Udmurt: изсир (izsir)
- Ukrainian: буршти́н (uk) m (burštýn), янта́р (uk) m (jantár)
- Uzbek: qahrabo
- Vietnamese: hổ phách (vi)
- Welsh: ambr (cy) m
- Khmer: ពណ៌លឿងទុំដូចមាស (poa lɨəng tum dooc mieh)
- Lithuanian: gintarinė f
- Maltese: ambra f
- Norwegian: ravgult n
- Persian: کهربایی (kahrobâyi)
- Polish: bursztynowy (pl) m
- Portuguese: âmbar (pt) m
- Russian: янта́рный (ru) m (jantárnyj) (цвет)
- Spanish: ámbar (es) m
- Turkish: kehribar rengi
amber (comparative more amber, superlative most amber)
- Of a brownish yellow colour, like that of most amber.
- 2006, Jeffrey Archer, False Impression, page 270:
- They all moved safely through the first green and then the second, but when the third light turned amber Jack's taxi was the last to cross the intersection.
- 2008, Elizabeth Amber, Raine: The Lords of Satyr, page 211:
- Ahead, a cool breeze swept the pale morning sun across a grassy meadow turned amber by morning's frost.
of a brownish yellow colour
amber (third-person singular simple present ambers, present participle ambering, simple past and past participle ambered)
- (transitive, rare) To perfume or flavour with ambergris.
- ambered wine, an ambered room
- (transitive, rare) To preserve in amber.
- an ambered fly
- (transitive, rare, chiefly poetic or literary) To cause to take on the yellow colour of amber.
- 1885, America the Beautiful;
- For purple mountains majesty; for amber waves of grain.
- 2007, Phil Rickman, Fabric of Sin: A Merrily Watkins Mystery;
- Home to the mosaic of coloured-lit windows in the black and white houses, the fake gas lamps ambering the cobbles, sometimes the scent of applewood smoke.
- 2008, Jeri Westerson, Veil of Lies: A Medieval Noir:
- The firelight flickered on her rounded cheeks, ambering the pale skin.
- (intransitive, rare, chiefly poetic or literary) To take on the yellow colour of amber.
- 2009, Jack Wennerstrom, Black Coffee, page 19:
- Westward along Lancaster Avenue, among the stone walls and broad driveways of imposing old houses—their lawns dappled with the shade of ambering maples and dusty, bark-peeled sycamores—
- 2011, Tim Powers, On Stranger Tides:
- [T]hough many of the pirates protested against these energetic activities[,] he was only pleasantly tired when the lowering, ambering sun began to bounce needles of gold glare off the waves ahead;
↑ James F. Crow; William F. Dove (1995), “The Amber Mutants of Phage T4”, in Genetics, volume 141, issue 2, PMID 8647382, pages 439–442.
↑ Nicholas Wright Gillham (2011), Genes, Chromosomes, and Disease: From Simple Traits, to Complex Traits, to Personalized Medicine.
Of disputed origin.
According to one theory, it is from Proto-Germanic *ambrijaz, *aimbrijaz (“bucket”), from Proto-Indo-European *ambʰor- (“tub, bucket”). If so, then cognate with Old Saxon ēmbar, Old High German ampri, eimbar, Ancient Greek ἀμφορεύς (amphoreús, “vased shaped ornament with a narrow neck”) (whence Latin amphora), Sanskrit अम्भृण (ambhṛṇá, “a vessel used in preparing Soma juice”).
According to another theory, the Proto-Germanic forms derive from a compound equivalent to *ainaz (“one”) + *bariz (“that which is utilised for carrying; bar, crib”).
A third theory considers the Old English term to have been borrowed from Latin amphora. Compare German Eimer.
Old High German
Of disputed origin. See amber for more information.
amber m (Cyrillic spelling амбер)
- amber (fossil resin)
From Arabic عَنْبَر (ʿanbar).
amber (definite accusative amberi, plural amberler)
- Ambergris, the waxy product of the sperm whale.
- A common noun for nice-smelling things.
- (biochemistry, genetics) The stop codon "UAG".
- akar amber
- amber ağacı
- amber asidi
- amber çiçeği
- boka nispetle tezek amberdir
- esmer amber
- misk amberi