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Webster 1913 Edition


Scurvy

Scur′vy

,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Scurvier
;
sup
erl.
Scurviest
.]
[From
Scurf
; cf.
Scurvy
,
Noun.
]
1.
Covered or affected with scurf or scabs; scabby; scurfy; specifically, diseased with the scurvy.
“Whatsoever man . . . be scurvy or scabbed.”
Lev. xxi. 18, 20.
2.
Vile; mean; low; vulgar; contemptible.
“A scurvy trick.”
Ld. Lytton.
That
scurvy
custom of taking tobacco.
Swift.
[He] spoke spoke such
scurvy
and provoking terms.
Shakespeare

Scur′vy

,
Noun.
[Probably from the same source as
scorbute
, but influenced by
scurf
,
scurfy
,
scurvy
, adj.; cf. D.
scheurbuik
scurvy, G.
scharbock
, LL.
scorbutus
. Cf.
Scorbute
.]
(Med.)
A disease characterized by livid spots, especially about the thighs and legs, due to extravasation of blood, and by spongy gums, and bleeding from almost all the mucous membranes. It is accompanied by paleness, languor, depression, and general debility. It is occasioned by confinement, innutritious food, and hard labor, but especially by lack of fresh vegetable food, or confinement for a long time to a limited range of food, which is incapable of repairing the waste of the system. It was formerly prevalent among sailors and soldiers.
Scurvy grass
[
Scurvy
+
grass
; or cf. Icel.
skarfa
kāl
scurvy grass
.]
(Bot.)
A kind of cress (
Cochlearia officinalis
) growing along the seacoast of Northern Europe and in arctic regions. It is a remedy for the scurvy, and has proved a valuable food to arctic explorers. The name is given also to other allied species of plants.

Webster 1828 Edition


Scurvy

SCUR'VY

,
Noun.
[from scurf; scurvy for scurfy; Low L. scorbutus.] A disease characterized by great debility, a pale bloated face, bleeding spongy gums, large livid tumors on the body, offensive breath, aversion to exercise, oppression at the breast or difficult respiration, a smooth, dry, shining skin, &c.; a disease most incident to persons who live confined, or on salted meats without fresh vegetables in cold climates.

SCUR'VY

, a.
1. Scurfy; covered or affected by scurf or scabs; scabby; diseased with scurvy.
2. Vile; mean; low; vulgar; worthless; contemptible; as a scurvy fellow.
He spoke scurvy and provoking terms. Shak.
That scurvy custom of taking tobacco. Swift.

Definition 2022


scurvy

scurvy

English

Noun

scurvy (usually uncountable, plural scurvies)

  1. (pathology) A disease caused by insufficient intake of vitamin C leading to the formation of livid spots on the skin, spongy gums, loosening of the teeth and bleeding into the skin and from almost all mucous membranes.
    • 2012 March 1, William E. Carter, Merri Sue Carter, “The British Longitude Act Reconsidered”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 87:
      Conditions were horrendous aboard most British naval vessels at the time. Scurvy and other diseases ran rampant, killing more seamen each year than all other causes combined, including combat.

Synonyms

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Translations

Adjective

scurvy (comparative scurvier, superlative scurviest)

  1. Covered or affected with scurf or scabs; scabby; scurfy; specifically, diseased with the scurvy.
    • Bible, Leviticus xxi. 18, 20
      whatsoever man [] be scurvy or scabbed
  2. Contemptible, despicable, low, disgustingly mean.
    a scurvy trick; a scurvy knave
    • Jonathan Swift
      that scurvy custom of taking tobacco
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 3 scene 2
      What a pied ninny's this! Thou scurvy patch!

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