Webster 1913 Edition
[L., fr. Gr.
βδέλλιον; cf. Heb.
b’dolakhbdellium (in sense 1).]
An unidentified substance mentioned in the Bible (
Gen. ii. 12, and
Num. xi. 7), variously taken to be a gum, a precious stone, or pearls, or perhaps a kind of amber found in Arabia.
A gum resin of reddish brown color, brought from India, Persia, and Africa.
false myrrhis an exudation from
Balsamodendron Roxburghii. Other kinds are known as
Sicilian bdellium, etc.
Webster 1828 Edition
A gummy resinous juice, produced by a tree in the East Indies, of which we have no satisfactory account. It is brought from the E. Indies and from Arabia, in pieces of different sizes and figures, externally of a dark reddish brown, internally, clear and not unlike to glue. To the taste, it is slightly bitterish and pungent; its odor is agreeable. In the mouth, it becomes soft and sticks to the teeth; on a red hot iron, it readily catches flame and burns with a crackling noise. It is used as a perfume and a medicine, being a weak deobstruent.
bdellium (countable and uncountable, plural bdelliums)
- Probably an aromatic gum like balsam that was exuded from a tree, probably one of several species in the genus Commiphora.
probably an aromatic gum like balsam that was exuded from a tree, probably one of several species in the genus Commiphora
From Ancient Greek βδέλλιον (bdéllion).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈbdel.li.um/, [ˈbdɛl.li.ũ]
bdellium n (genitive bdelliī); second declension
- an aromatic gum exuded from a tree, probably one of several species in the genus Commiphora, used as an adulterant of the more costly myrrh. Also the plant itself.
- bdellium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), “bdellium”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.