Definition 2024




Alternative forms


-tōrius m (feminine -tōria, neuter -tōrium); first/second declension

  1. -ory; used to form an adjective

Usage notes

The suffix -tōrius is added to a participle to create a first- and second-declension adjective.

meritōrius (profitable), from meritus (earned), perfect passive participle of mereō (I earn, deserve, merit)
textōrius (of weaving), from textus (woven), perfect passive participle of texō (I weave) — could also be derived from textōr (weaver) with -ius

Note that in some cases, where the suffix -ius is added to an agent noun ending in -tor, the result may be difficult or impossible to distinguish from the addition of -tōrius.


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -tōrius -tōria -tōrium -tōriī -tōriae -tōria
genitive -tōriī -tōriae -tōriī -tōriōrum -tōriārum -tōriōrum
dative -tōriō -tōriō -tōriīs
accusative -tōrium -tōriam -tōrium -tōriōs -tōriās -tōria
ablative -tōriō -tōriā -tōriō -tōriīs
vocative -tōrie -tōria -tōrium -tōriī -tōriae -tōria


Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latin_words_suffixed_with_-torius'>Latin words suffixed with -torius</a>

Related terms


  • Aromanian: -tor, -toari
  • English: -ory (borrowing)
  • Italian: -toio
  • Portuguese: -douro, -doiro, -tório (borrowing)
  • Romanian: -tor, -ător, -toare, -ătoare
  • Spanish: -dero, -torio (borrowing)