Definition 2024



See also: пере and пэре



пере- (pere-)

  1. (used with verbs) over, over again (describing an action of moving by overcoming one or more obstacles)
    • лете́тьletétʹ(impf., concrete) to fly
    • перелете́тьpereletétʹ(pf.) to fly (by avoiding unpleasant factors such as bad weathers, falling objects, etc.; as one of its meanings)
  2. (used with verbs) across, trans- (describing an action of moving to a different place)
  3. (used with verbs) too much (describing an action of resulting something excessive)
    • стара́тьсяstarátʹsja(impf.) to try hard
    • перестара́тьсяperestarátʹsja(pf.) to overdo, try too hard
  4. (used with verbs) extremely (describing an action of doing something much extreme than an average action)
    • крича́тьkričátʹ(impf.) to shout
    • перекрича́тьperekričátʹ(pf.) to shout down (i.e. shouting much louder than someone)
  5. (used with verbs) re- (describing a repeating action)
  6. (used with verbs) (describing an alternating or exchanging action)
  7. (used with verbs) (describing a consequence of a completed action that affects many entities of a group)
  8. (used with verbs) (describing a destructed state of an entity, usually by cutting or tearing with tools or tool-like implements)
  9. (used with verbs, colloquial, rare) (describing a light action that is not done in full measure)