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Definition 2022


vocativus

vocativus

Dutch

Noun

vocativus m (plural vocativi or vocativussen)

  1. (grammar) the vocative case or a word therein

Synonyms


Latin

Etymology

From vocō (to call, summon) + -īvus (adjectival suffix). A calque of Ancient Greek κλητῐκή (klētikḗ).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /wo.kaːˈtiː.wus/, [wɔ.kaːˈtiː.wʊs]

Adjective

vocātīvus m (feminine vocātīva, neuter vocātīvum); first/second declension

  1. (grammar) of or belonging to calling, vocative
  2. (masculine noun, scilicet casus) vocative case, vocative
    • 1855, Grammatici latini ex recensione Henrici Keilii vol. II: Prisciani institutionum grammaticarum libri I-XII ex recensione Martini Hertzii. Lipsiae, page 186 (= Priscianus, Institutiones grammaticae, page 671 P.)
      vocativus etiam salutatorius vocatur, ut 'o Aenea' et 'salve Aenea'

Inflection

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative vocātīvus vocātīva vocātīvum vocātīvī vocātīvae vocātīva
genitive vocātīvī vocātīvae vocātīvī vocātīvōrum vocātīvārum vocātīvōrum
dative vocātīvō vocātīvō vocātīvīs
accusative vocātīvum vocātīvam vocātīvum vocātīvōs vocātīvās vocātīva
ablative vocātīvō vocātīvā vocātīvō vocātīvīs
vocative vocātīve vocātīva vocātīvum vocātīvī vocātīvae vocātīva

References