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Webster 1913 Edition


Sura


Su′ra

,
Noun.
[Ar., a step, a degree.]
One of the sections or chapters of the Koran, which are one hundred and fourteen in number.

Definition 2022


sura

sura

See also: súra, šura, şura, and -sura

English

Alternative forms

Noun

sura (plural suras or suwar)

  1. Any of the 114 chapters of the Qur'an.
    • 1985, Kristina Nelson, The Art of Reciting the Qurʾan, Cairo, Egypt: American University in Cairo Press (2001), ISBN 9774245946, chapter 2: “Tajwīd”, page 25:
      Most of these essentially uninflected syllables (CV̄C) are names of the letters of the alphabet and introduce some of the suwar of the Qurʾanic text.

Translations

Anagrams


Hausa

Etymology 1

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an)

Noun

sūr̃ā̀ f (plural surori)

  1. (Islam) sura

Etymology 2

Noun

sūr̃ā̀ f (plural surori)

  1. image, picture, form, appearance

Latin

Etymology

Possibly related to sū̆rus (branch, stake), of uncertain origin.

Pronunciation

Noun

sūra f (genitive sūrae); first declension

  1. calf (of the leg)

Inflection

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sūra sūrae
genitive sūrae sūrārum
dative sūrae sūrīs
accusative sūram sūrās
ablative sūrā sūrīs
vocative sūra sūrae

References


Maltese

Etymology

From Arabic صُورَة (ṣūra)

Noun

sura f (pl sur)

  1. picture
  2. photograph
  3. image

Polish

Etymology

From Arabic سورَة (sú:ra, chapter of the Qur‘an), from سور (sáwwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈs̪ura/

Noun

sura f

  1. (Islam) sura

Declension


Romani

Etymology

Probably from Armenian սուր (sur, sword).

Noun

sura

  1. sword

References

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), սուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935

Swahili

Etymology

From Arabic سُورَة (sūra, chapter of the Qur'an), from سَوَّرَ (sawwara, to enclose, to wall in).

Noun

sura (n class, plural sura)

  1. chapter
  2. sura (chapter of the Qur'an)

Swedish

Etymology 1

Derivation of adjective sur.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sʉːra/

Adjective

sura

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of sur.

Verb

sura

  1. to sulk
    • 1920, August Strindberg, Efterslåtter
      Vad går du här ensam omkring och surar för? frågade honom en gammal apa, som satt för sig själv och knäckte nötter.
      "Why are you here alone sulking? he was asked by an old monkey, sitting by himself cracking nuts.
      "Most likely he was sulking because she had told him to be ashamed of himself."
    • 2000, Roger Borgelid, Svenska Dagbladet - Människan bakom miljonleendet
      Det var inte länge sedan [han] framstod som en arrogant diva med taskigt humör, en dålig förlorare som surade över en missad tiometersputt,...
      "It was not long ago that he was seen as an arrogant diva with a bad temper, a poor loser who would sulk if he missed a ten-meterputt, ..."
Conjugation
Usage notes

Past participle is basically non-existent on semantic/pragmatic reasons.

See also

  • försura

Etymology 2

Same as English sura above.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sʉːra/

Noun

sura c

  1. sura, chapter of Qur'an
    • 2004, Göteborgsposten - Nu skall den ene vara den andres fiende
      Koranens 21:a sura berättar att Abraham irriterades över sin pappas och dennes underlydandes avgudadyrkan:...
      "The 21st sura of the Qur'an relates that Abraham was irritated by the idolatry of his daddy and his employees:...
Declension
Inflection of sura 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sura suran suror surorna
Genitive suras surans surors surornas